developed. It is considerably more complex than the USBR standard weir equations.However, USBR (1997) states that the Kindsvater-Carter method is at least as accurate, if not more, than the standard weir equations for suppressed and fully contracted weirs.And further, the Kindsvater-Carter equation reliably models partially contracted weirs.ISO (1980), ASTM (1993), and USBR (1993) all recommend using the Kindsvater-Carter method for all rectangular weirs.
The Kindsvater-Carter rectangular weir equation (ISO, 1980):The sum b+K
is called "effective width" and the sum h+K
is called "effective head."The value for g is 9.8066 m/s
=0.001 m. C
is a function of b/B and h/P, and K
isa function of b/B. Our "Solve for Flowrate" calculation is analytic, but our "Solve for Head" and "Solve for Notch Width" calculations require numerical solutions since C
cannot be computed directly, as they are functions of h and/or b.ISO (1980) provides a graph and equations for C
vs. h/P for b/B=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7,0.8, 0.9, and 1.0. To account for other b/B values, LMNO Engineering developed anequation for all b/B values. The LMNO Engineering curves are plotted below with theISO curves, so you can see our goodness of fit. Likewise, ISO (1980) provides values of K
for b/B=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0, and LMNO Engineering fit an equation throughthe data to facilitate solving numerically for b. The LMNO Engineering fit is shown below with the ISO data. Our numerical solutions utilize a cubic solver routine. Thecomputations are performed in double precision (the calculations on all of our web pagesuse double precision).