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The Rush 2 Ethanol

The Rush 2 Ethanol

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Published by rathneshkumar

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: rathneshkumar on Apr 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/06/2011

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eu
 
ope
 
The Rushto Ethanol:
Not All Biofuels AreCreated Equal
 
About Food & Water Europe
Food & Water Europe is a nonprofit consumer organization that works to ensure clean water and safe food. We chal-lenge the corporate control and abuse of our food and water resources by empowering people to take action and by transforming the public consciousness about what we eat and drink. Food & Water Europe works with grassroots orga-nizations around the world to create an economically and environmentally viable future. Through research, public andpolicymaker education, media, and lobbying, we advocate policies that guarantee safe, wholesome food produced ina humane and sustainable manner and public, rather than private, control of water resources including oceans, riversand groundwater.Food & Water Europe1616 P St. NW, Suite 300Washington, DC 20036tel: (202) 683-2500fax: (202) 683-2501foodandwater@fwwatch.orgwww.foodandwaterwatch.orgCopyright © 2007, 2008 by Food & Water Europe. All rights reserved. This report can be viewed or downloaded atwww.foodandwaterwatch.org.
eu
 
ope
Cover photo: A crop of switchgrass, which can yield almost twice asmuch ethanol as corn. Photo courtesty USDA.
 
Table of Contents
Introduction............................................................................................................................................................1Part I: Climate Change, Oil Addiction, Biofuels, and the Future of Transportation...............................................3History of Biofuels: From Peanuts to Switchgrass..................................................................................................4Biofuels Today..........................................................................................................................................................4Biofuels Globally......................................................................................................................................................5The Ethanol Samba: Is Brazil a Model to Follow?....................................................................................................6Biofuels and Transportation....................................................................................................................................7Part II: Corn-Based Ethanol America’s Energy Panacea?.....................................................................................9Energy Content........................................................................................................................................................9Potential to Displace Fossil Fuels..........................................................................................................................10Environmental Effects of Corn-Based Ethanol......................................................................................................10Conventional Corn Production...............................................................................................................................11Ethanol Processing and Water Use........................................................................................................................13PART III: Second Generation Biofuels.................................................................................................................15Cellulosic Ethanol: Alternative to the Alternative................................................................................................15Recommendations.........................................................................................................................................17Conclusion...........................................................................................................................................................20Endnotes..........................................................................................................................................................21
The Rush to Ethanol
Not All Biofuels Are Created Equal

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