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AJC: A Dream Restored

AJC: A Dream Restored

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Published by opu120
Available at http://www.ajc.org Reflections on the UN partition vote of 1947 from several notable personalities.
Available at http://www.ajc.org Reflections on the UN partition vote of 1947 from several notable personalities.

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Published by: opu120 on Nov 27, 2007
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06/16/2009

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AMERICAN JEWISH COMMITTEE
Reflections on the UN Partition Vote
A DreamRestored
 
Contents
Foreword
 ATale of Love and Darkness
1
 Amos Oz 
Preparing for the State
8
David Ben-Gurion
The Challenge
13
ChaimWeizmann
Underground to Freedom
20
 Moshe Dayan
Success at Lake Success
22
 Abba Eban
Timeline of EventsLeading up to the PartitionResolution
29
iii
Cover photo: Jubilant residents celebrating the UN vote onNovember 29, 1947, in front of the Mugrabi Cinema inTel Aviv.Photo © by Pinn Hans, by permission of the Israel GovernmentPress Office.November 2007
 
Foreword
November 29, 1947, is a day that will resonate in history. On thatday, the United Nations General Assembly voted to approve Resolu-tion 181, recommending the termination of the British mandate forPalestine and partition of the country into two independent states,one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem as a
corpus separatum
.The UN declaration granted international acknowledgment to what Winston Churchill had stated some twenty-five years earlier,that “the Jewish people … should know that it is in Palestine as of right and not on sufferance.”For the Jewish people, the resolution was a watershed, the ful-fillment of a nineteen-hundred-year-old dream of return to Zion.The resolution formed the basis for the establishment, or more pre-cisely re-establishment, of a home and haven for Jews from aroundthe world, and of international recognition of sovereignty for a peo-ple who had for too long experienced both powerlessness andhomelessness.Moshe Dayan, in his memoirs, recalls his elation that day: “Ifelt in my bones the victory of Judaism, which for two thousandyears of exile from the Land of Israel had withstood persecutions,the Spanish Inquisition, pogroms, anti-Jewish decrees, restrictions,and the mass slaughter by the Nazis in our own generation, and hadreached the fulfillment of its age-old yearning—the return to a freeand independent Zion.”The momentous UN vote launched a cascade of events—theacceptance of the partition plan by the Jewish Agency, fierce denun-ciations by Arab states and parties, much bloodshed, struggles for Jewish immigration, and, five-and-a-half months later, the declara-tion of the State of Israel. Abba Eban, Israel’s consummate diplo-
 v 

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