The major aim of this dissertation is to assess the penal system in force in UK prisons, themechanism behind criminal sentencing, and the political and social pressures faced by theUK Prison system. It aims to examine the efficacy of the judicial system, and howsuccessful the UK Prisons are in reducing and deterring the crime rate on the whole, andspecifically with regard to re-offenders.
To critically examine the Prison system in force in the UK at present
To critically examine the judicial policies and processes in criminal sentencing
To evaluate the efficacy of the judicial management, specifically the PrisonService and NOMS, in proper maintenance of Prison safety and in helping todeter re-offenders
To evaluate the political response and accountability towards formulation of criminal policies and aims and objectives behind the policies, as well as their effectiveness
To examine these policies in light of social responses and perceptions of thegeneral public at large regarding the success of UK prison policies and thejudicial systems efficacy in crime deterrence
What is the role of UK Prisons in crime deterrence and what is the political and socialresponse to the UK Prison system in force right now? Are the policies being implementedgood enough to deter crime, or do policies need to be evaluated in a fresh light?
Although not much, but some research has gone into various aspects dealing with thestate of UK prisons, the criminal policies and reforms in action, both at present and over time. Political and social responses have also been measured to evaluate the generalresponse to the efficacy of the prisons. Several authors have attempted to visit the prisonsto address the issues from the other side, noting the prison infrastructure and social aswell as physical conditions of the inmates. Much research has also been conducted toevaluate the prison conditions and their effect on the in-mates, the psychologicalperspective as well as prison statistics. The focal point of my dissertation is an evaluationof the UK Prison system as a whole, the political and social responses to the judicialsystem and the efficacy of the system in crime reduction and deterrence.Carol Hedderman is a Professor of Criminology who has written on various aspectsrelated to UK Prisons. The main literature pertinent to my area of study for thisdissertation titled “NOMS and the Prison Population” looks at the role of NOMS and itsefficacy in helping curb the rate of crime and its efforts and effects on the prisonpopulation. She examines the population statistics, both in general and specifically withrelation to male and female head count and tries to make out a case of whether the risingprison population justifies the role of NOMS and what kind of feelings and perceptions itevokes in the general public. Her review finds no conclusive evidence to relate theincrease in imprisonment to a reduction in crime rate. This is a disturbing fact as it pointsto a general lack of effort on the part of the Prison Service and NOMS in curbing crime