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Table Of Contents

1. SCOPE AND PURPOSE
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
2. REFERENCES
3. DEFINITIONS
4. PLANNING STRATEGIES AND DESIGN
4.1 Site location, selection, and preparation
4.1.1 Site location and selection
4.1.1.1 Wetlands
4.1.1.2 Site contamination
4.1.1.3 Potable water and sewage
4.1.2 Site preparation
4.1.2.1 Gradient
4.1.2.2 Sediment control
4.1.2.3 Oil-spill containment and control
4.1.2.4 Access roads
4.1.2.5 Potable water and sewage
4.1.3 Storm-water management
4.1.3.1 Upstream considerations
4.1.3.2 Downstream considerations
4.1.3.3 General design considerations
4.2 Aesthetics
4.2.1 Visual simulation
4.2.2 Landscaping and topography
4.2.2.1 Landscaping
4.2.2.2 Topography
4.2.3 Fences and walls
4.2.3.1 Chain-link fences
4.2.3.2 Wood fences
4.2.3.3 Walls
4.2.4 Colour
4.2.5 Lighting
4.2.6 Structures
4.2.7 Enclosures
4.2.8 Bus design
4.2.8.1 Air-insulated substations
4.2.8.2 Switchgear
4.2.8.3 Gas-insulated substations (GIS)
4.2.8.4 Cable bus
4.3 Noise
4.3.1 Noise sources
4.3.1.1 Continuous audible sources
4.3.1.2 Continuous radio frequency (RF) sources
4.3.1.3 Impulse sources
4.3.2 Typical noise levels
4.3.2.1 Equipment noise levels
4.3.2.2 Ambient noise levels
4.3.2.3 Attenuation of noise with distance
4.3.3 Governmental regulations
4.3.4 Noise abatement methods
4.3.4.1 Reduced transformer sound levels
4.3.4.2 Low-impulse noise equipment
4.3.4.3 RF noise and corona-induced audible noise control
4.3.4.4 Site location
4.3.4.5 Larger yard area
4.3.4.6 Equipment placement
4.3.4.7 Barriers or walls
4.3.4.8 Active noise cancellation techniques
4.3.5 Community acceptance
4.4 Electric and magnetic fields
4.4.1 Electric and magnetic field sources in a substation
4.4.2 Electric fields
4.4.2.1 Governmental regulations
4.4.2.2 Reduction methods
4.4.2.3 Community acceptance
4.4.3 Magnetic fields
4.4.3.1 Magnetic field measurements
4.4.3.2 Magnetic field calculation methods
4.4.3.3 Governmental regulation
4.4.3.4 Reduction methods
4.4.3.5 Community acceptance
4.5 Safety and security
4.5.1 Fences and walls
4.5.2 Lighting
4.5.3 Earthing or grounding
4.5.4 Fire protection
5. PERMITTING PROCESS
5.1 Active community involvement
5.2 Low-key community involvement
6. CONSTRUCTION
6.1 Site preparation
6.1.1 Clearing, grubbing, excavation, and grading
6.1.2 Site access roads
6.1.3 Water drainage
6.1.4 Control methods
6.2 Noise
6.3 Safety and security
6.4 Traffic control
6.5 Site housekeeping
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substation design

substation design

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Published by Madhava Annam

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Published by: Madhava Annam on Apr 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/31/2012

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