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Energy and Products from Biomass

Energy and Products from Biomass

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Published by Yousif Eltom
Energy and Products from Biomass
Energy and Products from Biomass

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Published by: Yousif Eltom on Apr 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/12/2013

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Yousif Eltom|061413353
 
HOW BIOENERGY CAN HELP MEETTHE WORLD ENERGY DEMAND INTHE COMING DECADES
FOR THE ATTENTION OFDR J. BRAMMERAuthor: Yousif Eltom| 061413353
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY 
 
Yousif Eltom|061413353
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The worldwide energy demand is expected to increase in the coming decades, and an increase from 2006 to2030 has been quoted at 45% and is expected to between 600EJ-1000EJ in 2050. This growing demand willrequire an increase in the world supply of fuel, and current studies show that fossil fuels are peaking and arenot a sustainable source of fuel. An alternative fuel must be sought, and the use of biomass to generate energyis anticipated as a futute contributor to the world energy demand. One of the biggest attractions of bioenergyis the carbon netrual nature of it, since the CO
2
is used to generate further biomass; this will also helpcountries meet legistlations and targets .Various forms of biomass can be used to generate energy, the most common and available types are wasteand energy crops. These can be residual waste which can be used or dedicated energy crops grown on land forthe sole purpose of generating energy.The potential of how much energy is available from biomass varies a lot, and this is dependant on howpotential is defined. There are five types of potential dependant on the level of detail, these are :
 
Theoretical potential
 
Geographical potential
 
Technical potential
 
Economical potential
 
Implentational potentialThe energy potential from biomass can vary from 50EJ to 1500EJ in 2050, however the implementation of sustainable resources must be in place and this can only be acheived when the social, environmental andeconomic issues are all taken into consideration.Bioenery has many applications, and with research and development can grow to a lucrative market. The useof 1
st
generation biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel is already being implemented in manycountries,however it has sparked a food vs fuel war due to the type of feedstock used. 2
nd
generation systemsare currently being made available to mitigate this, where lignocelluse biorefineries can produce an array of products similar to those produced in a conventional petrorefinery.Ultimately the use of biomass to generate bioenergy will contribute a significant amount to the world energydemand, however the speed at which it launch into commercial viable technology will depend on the influenceand incentives offered from goverments .
 
Yousif Eltom|061413353
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