Ardian Aby SantosaCutting description Guide-Clastic
Lithology Definition – after Folk, 1974
Examples80% Q, 16% F, 4% R =Sub-Arkose Sandstone74% Q, 7% F, 21% R =Litharenite Sandstone50% Q, 40% F 10% R =Arkose Sandstone50% Q, 24% F, 26% R =Feldspathic Litharenite
By using this naming method, it is immediately obvious to the reader what type ofarenaceous rock is being described.
The FOLK method is primarily useful when describing sidewall cores (SWC and RCOR – rotary side wall cores) and conventional core chips as you can see the original rocktextures which has not been totally destroyed by the drilling action of PDC bits.
However, you CAN use this as part of a drilled cutting description i.e. Litharenite or‘Quartzite’ Sandstones, these are quite easy to identify.
If used, be careful to be correct (the WSG may well be asked to explain his findings in aconference call with town).
As stated in the first slides - It is best practice when unsure of naming a rock to follow therock name with a ? if not sure i.e. Lithic Arkose?: pinkish grey, etc.
Argillaceous Rocks – Reference text
Argillaceous rocks and much of the matrix and secondary mineralisation in rudaceous(coarse grained) and arenaceous rocks a production of hydrolysis, e.g. clay minerals,hydrous micas, hydroxides and some oxides. It is important to realise the subtle thoughsignificant difference between hydrolysate sediments and the other so called “chemical”sediments.
Hydrolysate minerals result from the chemical weathering of the parent minerals at thepoint of weathering and throughout the period of transport and sedimentation.
True chemical sediments are produced by crystallisation or precipitation at the place ofsedimentation and may show no direct relationship to the parent, or parents, or the meansof weathering and transport.
The five most significant minerals present in argillaceous rocks are the sheet silicates: illite,montmorillonite, vermiculite, kaolinite (all clay minerals) and chlorite. (Note: each of thesemineral names encompasses a range of varying composition, i.e. a group of mineralsrelated by a common structure.