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Gp Reports

Gp Reports

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Published by Amber Chandra
combat aircraft
wireless communication
surface computer
combat aircraft
wireless communication
surface computer

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Amber Chandra on Apr 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Surface computing
Surface computing is the term for the use of a specializedcomputer  GUIin which traditional GUI elements are replaced by intuitive, everyday objects. Instead of akeyboardandmouse, the user  interacts directly with atouch-sensitive screen. It has been said that this more closely replicatesthe familiar hands-on experience of everyday object manipulation.Surface computing is slowly starting to catch on and is starting to be used in real worldapplications. Here is just a sample of what surface computing technologies have been used.
TheMicrosoft Surfaceis starting to pick up popularity and has been used in various places andvenues.AT&Tbecame the first retailer to use Surface to help their customers purchase phones.Customers could place the phones on the Surface and receive full phone specs, as well as pricing.It has also been used in a wide variety of locations which include hotel lobbies, such as SheratonHotels, as well as venues which included Super Bowl XLIII to help police organize and monitor the event in great detail. It is also starting to gain use in the broadcasting industry and has beenused byMSNBCduring the2008 US Presidential Elections. However, USD $15,500 (device only) is still considered expensive for most businesses.There are other new surface computing applications that are still being developed, one of whichis from theMIT Media Labwhere students are developing wearable computing systems that canbe used on almost any surface. The name of this device isSixth Sense.A
surface computer
is acomputer that interacts with the user through the surface of an ordinaryobject, rather than through a monitor and keyboard.The category was created byMicrosoftwithSurface(codenamed Milan), the surface computer  fromMicrosoftwhich was based entirely on aMulti-Touchinterface and using a coffee-table like design, and was unveiled on 30 May 2007. Users can interact with the machine by touching or dragging their fingertips and objects such as paintbrushes across the screen, or by setting real-world items tagged with special bar-code labels on top of it.The Surface is a horizontal display on a table-like form. Somewhat similar to theiPhone, theSurface has a screen that can incorporate multiple touches and thus uses them to navigatemultimedia content. Unlike the iPhone, which uses fingers' electrical properties to detect touch,the Surface utilizes a system of infrared cameras to detect input. Uploading digital files onlyrequires each object (e.g. a Bluetooth-enabled digital camera) to be placed on the Surface
Linux refers to the family of Unix-likecomputer operating systemsusing theLinux kernel. Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging frommobile phones,tablet computersandvideo game consoles, tomainframesandsupercomputers. Linux is a leading server operating system, and runs the 10 fastestsupercomputersin the world. The development of Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open sourcesoftwarecollaboration; typically all the underlyingsource codecan be used, freely modified, and redistributed, both commercially and non-commercially, by anyone under licenses such as theGNU General Public License.
The name "Linux" comes from the Linux kernel, originally written in 1991 byLinus Torvalds. The main supportinguser spacesystem tools and libraries from theGNU Project(announced in 1983 byRichard Stallman) are the basis for theFree Software Foundation's preferred name
.A Linux-based system is a modular Unix-likeoperating system. It derives much of its basicdesign from principles established in Unix during the 1970s and 1980s. Such a system uses amonolithic kernel, theLinux kernel, which handles process control, networking, andperipheral  andfile systemaccess.Device driversare either integrated directly with the kernel or added as modules loaded while the system is running.Separate projects that interface with the kernel provide much of the system's higher-levelfunctionality. The GNUuserlandis an important part of most Linux-based systems, providing themost common implementation of theC library,a popular shell, and many of the commonUnix toolswhich carry out many basic operating system tasks. Thegraphical user interface(or GUI) used by most Linux systems is built on top of an implementation of theX Window System.Linux is a widelyportedoperating system kernel. The Linux kernel runs on a highly diverserange of computer architectures: in the hand-heldARM-basediPAQand themainframeIBM  System z9,System z10; in devices ranging frommobile phonestosupercomputers.
Specializeddistributions exist for less mainstream architectures. TheELKSkernelfork can run onIntel 8086  or Intel 80286 16-bitmicroprocessors, while theµClinuxkernel fork may run on systems without amemory management unit. The kernel also runs on architectures that were only ever intended touse a manufacturer-created operating system, such asMacintoshcomputers (with bothPowerPC  andIntelprocessors),PDAs,video game consoles,portable music players, andmobile phones.
Intelecommunications, wireless communication may be used to transfer information over shortdistances (a few meters as in television remote control) or long distances (thousands or millionsof kilometers for radio communications). The term is often shortened to "wireless". Itencompasses various types of fixed, mobile, and portabletwo-way radios,cellular telephones, personal digital assistants(PDAs), andwireless networking. Other examples of 

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