Artigo Cargo Abril 2011
White Paper and the new Port of Jade-Weser, GermanyWhite PaperThe European Commission recently introduced the new White Paper for Transport of theEuropean Union, which he called "Roadmap to the Single European transport - towards acompetitive transport system and economic resources."As for maritime transport and ports are concerned, the main novelty is the goal of creating a"waist" Blue Sea, around Europe and neighboring countries where the benefits from themaritime transport facilitation procedures for intra service -European and neighboringcountries. However, nothing is said about how this objective should be pursued, it seems veryimportant, but finding opponents in different customs and public port authorities in Europe.On the other hand, provides for an increased number of ports and their efficiency and linkageswith information systems and the transport network so that more traffic to reach any point inthe territory without having to use land transport. However, recent documents of RTE (theEuropean Transport Networks), which define the ports to be supported financially by theEuropean Union on its investment effort, only cover the major European ports, leaving asidethe small ports, such as the Portuguese.In the White Paper assumes a logic of corridors and rail link to all ports, with the simplificationof rail freight traffic in Europe, to be a success similar to what happens in the U.S.. But nobodyknows how they will be resolved the differences between national rail systems in the EuropeanUnion.An important objective statement is the reduction by 2030 of 30% and 50% by 2050, roadtraffic beyond 300 km, with transfer to sea, river and rail, highway allowing for the role only atthe tips of the end transport. This is a recurring target, now quantified, it lacks concretemeasures to be carried out, nothing being reported on, for example, ecobono, whichencourage road hauliers to use the short-sea.It is true that the Commission's White Paper very strong commitment towards environmentand changing the energy sources used in all modes of transport, suggesting, in the case of shipping, 40% reduction of CO2 emissions in the European Union bunkers of vessels for 2050.Still bet on the security of ports and ships, cargo and passengers, strengthening the rights of transport users and ports.