2This paper explores this debate by characterizing the internet, more specifically Web 2.0 and its impacton democracy and authoritarianism, most of which are discussed in
Evgeny Morozov’s “Net Delusion
The paper also presents a challenge to internet/web users
citizens and activists, to interrogate thevalue of the web in advancing democratic and progressive agenda.
Web 2.0: the User-Friendly Version
From a user’s perspective, the main difference between the web in its earlier form
, web 1.0, and what isnow called web 2.0, is the end-users active participation in developing the platform as well as creatingcontent.
, one notable pioneer on web 2.0, notes of seven core competencies or features of web 2.0:
Services, not packaged software, with cost-effective scalability
Control over unique, hard-to-recreate data sources that get richer as more people use them
Trusting users as co-developers
Harnessing collective intelligence
Leveraging the long tail through customer self-service
Software above the level of a single device
Lightweight user interfaces, development models, AND business models
In these core competencies, the role that the end-user is assuming is highly notable. Another pioneer inthe web 2.0 discussion, Paul Graham
, on the other hand, accounts for 3 components of Web 2.0:1.
Ajax (refers to a broad group of web technologies that can be used to implement a webapplication that communicates with a server in the background, without interfering with thecurrent state of the page)2.
Democracy (or the users ability to select and produce content, i.e. wikipedia)3.
Do not maltreat users (or user-friendliness)Graham echoes Reilly while focusing more of the importance of the end-
user and the web’s
democratization value. For Graham, Web 2.0 signaled the revival of the web and the realization of itsintent to be a collaborative and democratic medium.Web 2.0, in this sense, empowers the users to create and manage web content. It makes users bothconsumers and producers. It changed the position of users from passive receivers to active participants.
With web 2.0, applications like google, wikipedia, social networking site like facebook, and blogs, usersor people/citizens have also be empowered in their socio-political life through access to information,knowledge production, expression of opinion or dissent, networking, collaboration and mobilization. In
Morozov, Evgeny. 2011. The Net Delusion: How not to liberate the world.