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Radar System

Radar System

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Published by Prakash Ranjan

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Published by: Prakash Ranjan on Apr 08, 2011
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11/16/2013

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1
RADAR SYSTEM 
A SEMINAR REPORT 
SUBMITTED TOWARDS PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARDOF DEGREE
Master of TechnologyInElectronics & Communication Engineering
Submitted By
PRAKASH RANJAN
MECE-170-2K10
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Y.M.C.A.University of Science & Technology (Faridabad)
 
2
 
CONTENTSPAGE NUMBER 
 
I.
Preamble 3
II.
 
Basic Principle of Operation 4
III.
 
Historical Overview 5
IV.
 
Radar Basic Principles 7
a.
 
Signal routing
b.
 
Signal Timing
c.
 
Ranging
V.
 
Maximum Unambiguous Range11
VI.
 
Radar Waveforms Minimum Range12
VII.
Direction determination 13
 
a
.
Bearing
b.
Elevation Angle
c.
Heigh
VIII.
 
Radar Equation 16
a.
 
Antenna gain
b.
 
Antenna Aperture
c.
 
Radar Cross Section
d.
 
Free pace Path Loss
e.
 
External and internal Losses
f.
 
Converting the Equation
IX.
 
MDS- Echo 23
X.
 
Noise 24
XI.
 
False Alarm rate 24
XII.
 
Probability of detection 25
XIII.
 
Classification of Radar Systems 251)
 
Primary radar 1.1
 
Pulse Radar 1.2
 
Continuous wave radar 2)
 
Secondary Radar 
XIV.
 
Classification of Radar Set 31
XV.
 
Radar Frequency Bands 31
XVI.
 
MODERN RADAR 331.
 
Phased Array Radar 2.
 
Active Electronically Steered Array (AESA) 3.
 
Technological Leap
XVII.
 
REFERENCES 37
 
3
 
I.
 
Preamble
The basic principle of operation of primary radar is simple to understand.However, the theory can be quite complex. An understanding of the theory isessential in order to be able to specify and operate primary radar systemscorrectly. The implementation and operation of primary radars systems involvea wide range of disciplines such as building works, heavy mechanical andelectrical engineering, high power microwave engineering, and advanced highspeed signal and data processing techniques. Some laws of nature have a greater importance here.

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