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NEBOSH questions 19

NEBOSH questions 19

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Published by Malaiappasamy.G.A.
This is for reference of Health,Safety & Environment management Students/Professionals


This is for reference of Health,Safety & Environment management Students/Professionals


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Published by: Malaiappasamy.G.A. on Apr 08, 2011
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05/04/2013

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EXAMPLE PAPER B - 01THE NATIONAL EXAMINATION BOARD IN OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHNATIONAL GENERAL CERTIFICATE IN OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHTHE MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY AND HEALTHAnswer ALL questions Time Allowed: 2 hours
Section 1This section contains ONE question. You are advised to spend approximately HALF AN HOUR on it. Themaximum marks for each part of the question are shown in brackets.1 A factory manager intends to introduce a new work process for which a riskassessment is required.i Outline the factors that should be considered when carrying out the risk assessment. (8)ii Explain the criteria that must be met for the assessment to be deemed ‘suitable andsufficient’.(4)iii Identify the various circumstances that may require a review of the risk assessmentat a later date.(8)Section 2This section contains TEN question. You are advised to spend approximately ONE AND A HALF HOURSon it. The maximum marks for each question, or part of a question are shown in brackets.2 (a) Identify THREE types of hazard for which personal eye protection would be required. (3)(b) Outline the range of issues that should be addressed when training employees in theuse of personal eye protection.(5)3 Give reasons why a verbal instruction may not be clearly understood by anemployee.(8)4 (a) Explain THREE possible defences to a civil law claim of negligence. (6)(b) State the circumstances in which an employer may be held vicariously liable for thenegligence of an employee.(2)5 (a) Identify the TWO main functions of first-aid treatment. (2)(b) Outline the factors to consider when making an assessment of first-aid provision in aworkplace.(6)
 
 
6 With reference to the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994i identify the circumstances under which a construction project must be notified to anenforcing authority(2)ii outline the duties of the client under the Regulations. (6)7 Most occupational accidents can be attributed in part to human error. Outline waysof reducing the likelihood of human error in the workplace.(8)8 (a) Explain the meaning of the phrase `so far as is reasonably practicable'. (2)(b) State the general and specific duties of employers under section 2 of the Health andSafety at Work etc Act 1974.(6)9 (a) Identify TWO situations where a permit-to-work system might be consideredappropriate.(2)(b) Outline the key elements of a permit-to-work system. (6)10 With reference to the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrencesi list FOUR types of major injury (4)ii outline the procedures for reporting a major injury to an enforcing authority. (4)11 Identify the factors to be considered to ensure the health and safety of persons whoare required to work on their own away from the workplace.(8)
 
Paper – The management of safety and health
Outline answers and guidance given in the NEBOSH examiner’s ReportSection 1Question 1(i)For part (i) of this question, candidates were required to outline the factors that should be consideredwhen carrying out a risk assessment. They were expected to identify factors such as
the activities being undertaken,
the hazards involved,
the likelihood and severity of the harm that might be caused,
the number of employees exposed
the frequency of their exposure,
the competence of the persons carrying out the activities,
an evaluation of existing control measures and
the competence of the person carrying out the assessment.Very few candidates were able to provide comprehensive answers to this part of the question. Manygave detailed and lengthy accounts of one or two factors only and thus restricted the number of marksthey could be awarded.(ii)Part (ii) was not well answered, with many candidates clearly having little understanding of the term`suitable and sufficient' in this particular context. For a risk assessment to be deemed suitable andsufficient,
it should identify the significant risks arising out of the work activity,
it should identify and prioritise the measures that need to be taken to comply with the relevantstatutory provisions,
it should be appropriate to the nature of the work and, finally,
it should be such that it remains valid for a reasonable period of time.(iii)Answers to part (iii) were lacking in substance but better candidates identified circumstances as:
changes to work processes or methods;
introduction of new plant;
changes in the scale of production;
the availability of new information concerning hazardous substances or processes;
accidents or occurrences of ill-health;
results of monitoring, including inspections, audits and health surveillance;
changes in legislation;
changes affecting personnel (to take particular account of disablement, pregnancy and youth); and
routinely after the passage of a reasonable interval of time.Section 2

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