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Federal Aid to School Construction (1955)

Federal Aid to School Construction (1955)

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Published by Kevin R. Kosar
Please visit the Federal Education Policy History website at http://federaleducationpolicy.wordpress.com
Please visit the Federal Education Policy History website at http://federaleducationpolicy.wordpress.com

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Published by: Kevin R. Kosar on Apr 08, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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83d
Congressl2d. Session
I
FEDtrRAL
AIÐ
TO
SCHOOL
CONSTRUCTIOI\
COMMITîEEPR,INÎ
,i
_.
-,
A
ReportPrepared
iniL.l.Lrbr.:ry..4Clonares'.,
-
iITHE
LEGI,SLATIVE\REFERENCE
SERVICE
'of '
j
THELIBRARYOF
CONGRESS
it.,'".r:
l
\by
'r
i
CHARLES
A.
QUATTLEBAUM
Specialist
in
Education
...\l
:.
Printecl
for
the
use
of theCommittee
on
EducationandLabor
APRIL
1954UNITED
STATES
GO\rERNMENT
PRINTING
OFFICE
'WASHINGTON
:
1954
 
+;.
L13
3ztV
.Ar
,Asrs
copt
I
),.
1
CON,IIVÍITTEE
ON'EDUCATION
AND
L¡.BOR
'
SÄMUEL
K. I{CCON^*ELL,
fR.,
pemsl,lvani4
Chairman
'
RÀLPH]V.
clvINN,
New
].ork
GRAIIÀI4A. Bt
RDEN,No¡th
Cârolina
'!YrNT
SMrTll,
Kmsas.
ÄUGUSTINEn-r<pr_r.úy,
pemsytvania
CARROLL
D.
KEÁ.RNS,
pemsllvania
.A,DÀMC.
POWELL,
fn.,
ñew
yoii
EÄROLD
II.
VDLDE,
IÙinois
WING.{TEH.
LUCAS,
ó""".
CLARE
Ð.
IIOFFM¡.N,
Michigan
CLEVEL¡.ND
¡t. Sr\ilpy,
I,i,estVirginia
CEÀRLESJ.KERSTEN,
Wisconsin
CÁRL
D.
PERKÌNS,
Kentuóky
E.Y. 3ERRy,
Soutb
Dskotâ
OH¡.RLES
n.
rro¡vbr,f,,
Neri
Jersey
WILLIÀM
II.
IIÁ.RRISON,
Wyoming
ROy
IV.
IVIER,
Minnesota
.á.LBERT
II.
SOSCII,New
york
CÀRL
ELLIOTT,
.A.tabams
{91tlT
I:T9!T'cauÍomi'
PErLM.
LANDRUM,
ceorsia
JOIIN
J.
RIIODES,
Ärizona
LEE
METCÀLF,Montuâ
.
STUYVESÄNT
W¡.INWRIGIIT
2D,
Ne1,
l_ork
EOìVÀRD
S.
MILLER,
Kansas
r
PETER
FRELINGEUYSEN,
JR-,
New
Jemey
JAI\{ÐS
B.
BOtyLER,
I¡l;nois
I
CLIF?ON
YOUNG,
Nev8dã
;
JoÈNO.
GR¡.EÀM,ChicÍClerk
i
n,ffåi.ir".'å"ri',lii,l"'!*?íí1,,,
l
JocEI{ocËL¡.ND,
ássistanl
eeneral
Counse¿
::
ussEr¿C,DEÈRrcxsoN,
ClLief
Inoestigator
l
BEN
I[.
JoENsoN,Inrcstígøtor
:JY
tlå"G,f''l-
4qkåe-€-
ÐË)
i.-)iaø
i-r
_
}ìî
I
I
I
I
I
Éß
['
Ê
I
t
II
ü
å
I
t
t
T:
t
[,
ÍI
¡
I
å:
I
1
l
IIt
f
II
I
I
I
[c0MMrîîEE
PRrNîj
--
-Tl
Siìu
CoNctnss
ì
IIO
USlj
OI¡IìEPRIiSJ!\-TATII'US
Pd,Bessioni!rr\rrì!\)
FEDERÄL
AID
DnctMeon
2,
I954.-Çommi,cted
to
the
Commiütec
anrìo¡dercd
to
bc
printerì
tr{'.
I{s¿.nNs,
chairma',
special
subcommiütee
on
Federal
aid
for
School
Consüruction,
submittedthe following
.....
REPORT
,
The.,Çrecialsubcommibtee
on
Federal
Aid
for
school
construction
herewlth
submrts
itsreportto
the
committee
on
Education
¿nd
L¿bãìof the
House
of
Repredentatives.
The
s.bcommittee_unanimouslyrccommends
th¡,t
leEislation
been-
acted
providing
for
Fe_de_raf
payrirents
to
enable
th"
Si;;.^;äd
tocalcommunities
to
expand
their
school-constructio"
¡r;g.;;il.
*-
^,'l'here
i,s
no
qyestionthab
mole
classroorns
ai'eür'gently
needed..
'I
hrs
need
has
been^
rcpcjrtcdly
demonstrated
by
sõhooifacilities
Ìy.ill{l
bI
l9t9l.t.
,flom
Sta.te-governors,,
and
by'tesiñ;;i-à;;il;
exLensrvc
subcommrtl,ec
hearings.
It
will
cost
frôm
l0
to
billioñ
dollars
to
provide
adec1u
ate,clas-sr.ooms
for
childreni"i"
"*"u1ã;tñ,i
enrollmentrvill
i'creasõ'rarkeclly
i'
the
nort
i"*yã;;r.
Tilî;;i,,g;
held
by
the.
s'bcommittee
have
demonstrateá
trrot
trr"-
nationãIrnterestlequires
thal
tlrc
FcderalGovelnmcnt
join
rvith
sta.te
and
local
gove''me'ts
i'.,
soh-ing
this
,pressiug
iiroblcm.
Àacqrialãeducation
for
our
chil4ren
is
õsse'riar^ro
rh".pÅ.;;;;rião^âi
u
t
uu
::$^.:!r:lq_l3tjon;
Their
educarion
musr
noi tr"
i*p"ì""a^Uy^ifrã
serrous
classroonr.shortages
whichexisl
in
evcryState.
^
I44rite
thc
subcirmmitiee,has
1"1
y;!¡Ër,+"a'ofrJ"ä"nr
on
any
onepanticula_r
b.ill,
it
is
clear
thar
Fcclei'al
regisratiorr-i.
";;A;d"
;;d"
tt
ut,
thislegislation
rnusb
bc
clcsigned
to
encjur.agu
S¿o¿";;â"Ë"äfäaäï.
lo
1nee,t
the,probler'.
ca.eln.st
be
taken
avoid
u"y
pãiri¡iti;y;i
-h'ederal
control
overlocal
schoolsysterns,
or
auytend"ricvfo"
Fedäral
a"trg+
to
suppiant
state
andlocal
etr'orts.
ît*
,"Èänimlttee
is
contident
that
early
i"
!þç
corring-session
agreemenL
canbe"eaiÉ"d.
on
legrslatron
to
accomplish
these
objectives.
C¿.nnor,r,
D.
EnanNs,
Chairmøn,
Sruyvps,rxr
W¿r¡¡wn¡cnr
2d,
Pprpn
X'npr,rwcnuysp¡1,
Dg?g0S
E:;äi^*T"ilil"bo,o,",
U,â.RI,
.bJLLIOTT,
Lnn
Mnrcer,r,
F'ORSCHOOL
CO¡ISTRUCTION
on
Education
and
Labor
 
t-
s-
'YF,:{ili'.rl,
l
:*ri,;'r,,i
l,
.
irr'r
l;.:;t;:;
r
r-'rji:i:ì,:li
',"r;i.i
r
ii;
'.
:
iì:rÍ;ìi¡,';i
\",,,,..i:,,...
l.;t:
r
'::,:
".:l::,1
'
-ì.'i
FOREWORD
Thisreport
wB,s
prepared
for
the
Comrnittee
on
Education
and
Labgr
in
response
to
a
request
from the
chairman,
Hon.
Samuel
K.
McConnell,
Jr.
The
report,
deals
with
the
question
of
Federalpar-
ticipation
in
financing
^school
construcbion,^
particularlv
in
Siätes
having
cotnparatively
low
economic
and fiscal
capacity
in
relation
to
their
needs
for
schooi
facilities.This study
does
not
relate
especially
to
the localitieswhich
&re
ex-
ceptionally
affected
by
Federal
activities.
A
study
of
the
problem
of
tnancing
schools
in
suchcommunities
rvas
made
in
the
Le[islative
ReferenceServiceand
printedforthe
use
of
the
Committeeon Educa-
tion
and
Labor
in
June
1953.
The
present
sludy
concerns
a
much
broader
and
othenvise
markedlydifferentquestion.
Temporary
Federal aidto
schooL
construction
in
ceriain federally
affected
loðalities
is
being
providedunder Public Larv
815,
81st
Congress,
as
amended
by
Public
Law
246,83d
Congress, a,pproved
August8,
1953.
Ser.eral
of
the
1.1
chapters
õf
this
ieport
incluãe
some
material
con-4ensed
andreviseìl
from
a
report entitled"FinancingPublic
School
Construction,
"
prepared
in
the
Legislative
Reference-Service
mainly
in
1949
and
printed
for
the
use
of
the
Committee on Education
and
Labor
the
following
tr'ebruary.In
general,
the
1949
report
is
now
out
of
dateand
is
notlapplicabie
to
th"e
quesÉion
unclercònsiderationin
the
present
study.The
purpose
of
this
report is
to
provideaninformational
basis
for
the
consideration
of
pending
bills, lhe
possible
drafling
of
new-ones,
and the
determinalion
of legìsiative
actiõn
on the
issue.- The
analysiéof
the
question
sets
forth
important
details
of
its
historical
background,
relevantlegislation
in
effect,pending
legislative
proposals,
evtidences
of
need,
alternative
formulas
for
allocation
of
Federal
funds,
argu-ments
plo
and
con,
attitudes
of interestedorganizations and
agencies,
and
otherpertinent
considerations.
Excepting
chapter.IX,
the
study
was
made and the
report
prepared
by
Charles
A.
Quattlebaum,
principal
specialist
in
educ.ation
on
the
staff
of
the
Legislative
Refe¡ence
Service.
Chapter
IX,
concerning
altelnative
formulas
for
allocation
of
Federal funds,
u'as
written
by
Raymond
E.
Manning,
seniorspecialist
in
taxation
on
the staff of
th-e
Service.
X'or
their
cooperation
in
critically
reviewing
parts
orall
ofthe
report,
appreciation
is
expressed
to
Ray
L.
Hamon,Chief,
School
Housing
Section,
United
States
Office
-of
Education;
James
L.
McCaskill,director,
Iegislation
and
Federal
relations
division,
National
Education
Aséociation;
andJohn
R.
Miles,
assistant
manager',
educationdepartment, Chamber
of
Commerce
of
the
united
states'
Enrqpsr
s.
Gnr'r.rrn,
Director,
Legíslatiae
ReJerence
Seruice.
',
IiI
Jti
rl
'r
i'.Ì

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