The Kenya Flower Industry is one of the largest in the world, but has been criticized for poorlabour and environmental standards. We investigate these claims using data collected during research in Kenya from August – September 2010. Our investigation is divided into social,environmental and economic impacts to reflect the three necessary aspects of sustainabledevelopment. We find that accreditation bodies have had a significant effect in improving working conditions, but that wages remain low and freedom of association is often limited.Furthermore we find that the farms are having a detrimental effect on the environment particularly on Lake Naivasha and urgent action is required to reverse this trend. Weconclude with a recommendation for Western consumers to buy Fairtrade and otheraccredited flowers and to pressure their governments to legislate forcing companies andretailers to source their flowers from such accredited farms.Keywords:
Flower Industry, Kenya, Sustainable Development, Economics, Fairtrade.
AEA - Agricultural Employers AssociationBOPP - British Ornamental Plants ProducersDFID - Department for International Development ETI - Ethical Trading InitiativeFFP - Fair Flowers Fair PlantsFKE - Federation of Kenya EmployersFLO - Fair Trade Labeling OrganizationFPEAK - Fresh Produce Export Association of Kenya Global-GAP - Global Good Agricultural PracticesKEWWO - Kenya Women Workers UnionKFC - Kenya Flower CouncilKPAWU - Kenya Plantations and Agricultural Workers UnionLNGG - Lake Naivasha Growers GroupMPS - Milieu Programma Sierteelt (Floriculture Environmental Project)NEMA - National Environmental Management Authority PPE - Personal Protective Equipment