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Your family plan

Your family plan

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Published by XaleDman

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Published by: XaleDman on Apr 08, 2011
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07/27/2013

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HURRICANE FLASH FLOOD • FIRE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL EARTHQUAKE TORNADO • WINTER STORM
W
here will yourfamily be whendisaster strikes? Theycould be anywhereat workat schoolor in the car.How will you findeach other? Will youknow if your childrenare safe?
Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can forceyou to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to yourhome. What would you do if basic services–water, gas,electricity or telephones–were cut off? Local officials andrelief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but theycannot reach everyone right away.Families can–and do–cope with disaster by preparing inadvance and working together as a team. Follow the stepslisted in this brochure to create your family’s disaster plan.Knowing what to do is your best protection and yourresponsibility.
Your
Family Disaster Plan
 
(name)outside your neighborhood
4
 
Steps to Safety
Fill out, copy and distribute to all family members
Locate the main electric fuse box, waterservice main and natural gas main.Learn how and when to turn theseutilities off. Teach all responsiblefamily members. Keep necessary toolsnear gas and water shut-off valves.Remember, turn off the utilities only if you suspect the lines are damaged or if you are instructed to do so.
If you turnthe gas off, you will need a professionalto turn it back on.
UTILITIESEMERGENCY SUPPLIES
Keep enough supplies in your hometo meet your needs for at least threedays. Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kitwith items you may need in an evacua-tion. Store these supplies in sturdy,easy-to-carry containers such as back-packs, duffle bags or covered trashcontainers.Include:
s
A three-day supply of water (onegallon per person per day) andfood that won’t spoil.
s
One change of clothing and foot-wear per person, and one blanketor sleeping bag per person.
s
A first aid kit that includes yourfamily’s prescription medications.
s
Emergency tools including a bat-tery-powered radio, flashlight andplenty of extra batteries.
s
An extra set of car keys and a creditcard, cash or traveler’s checks.
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Sanitation supplies.
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Special items for infant, elderly ordisabled family members.
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An extra pair of glasses.Keep important family documents in awaterproof container. Keep a smallerkit in the trunk of your car.
2
Create a Disaster Plan
Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain thedangers of fire, severe weather and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibili-ties and work together as a team.
t
Discuss the types of disasters that aremost likely to happen. Explain whatto do in each case.
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Pick two places to meet:1. Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire.2. Outside your neighborhood incase you can’t return home.Everyone must know the address andphone number.
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Ask an out-of-state friend to be your“family contact.” After a disaster, it’soften easier to call long distance.Other family members shouldcall this person and tell them wherethey are. Everyone must know yourcontact’s phone number.
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Discuss what to do in an evacuation.Plan how to take care of your pets.
Find Out What Could Happen to You
Contact your local emergency management or civil defense office and American RedCross chapter — be prepared to take notes:
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Ask what types of disasters are mostlikely to happen. Request infor-mation on how to prepare for each.
t
Learn about your community’swarning signals: what they soundlike and what you should do whenyou hear them.
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Ask about animal care after disaster.Animals may not be allowed insideemergency shelters due to healthregulations.
t
Find out how to help elderly ordisabled persons, if needed.
t
Next, find out about the disasterplans at your workplace, yourchildren’s school or daycare centerand other places where your familyspends time.
4
 
1
Family Disaster Plan
outside your homeda evening
Emergency Meeting PlaceMeeting Place PhoneAddressFamily ContactPhone
( )
Phone
( )
 
3
HOME HAZARD HUNT
During a disaster, ordinary objectsin your home can cause injury ordamage. Anything that can move,fall, break or cause a fire is a homehazard. For example, a hot waterheater or a bookshelf can fall.Inspect your home at least once ayear and fix potential hazards.
Contact your local fire department to learn about home fire hazards.
t
Test your smoke detectors monthlyand change the batteries at least oncea year.Jan.
t
July
t
Feb.
t
Aug.
t
Mar.
t
Sep.
t
Apr.
t
Oct.
t
May
t
Nov.
t
June
t
Dec.
t
Change batteries in each year. 
(month)
Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with yourneighbors to plan how the neighborhood could work together after a disas-ter until help arrives. If you’re a member of a neighborhood organization,such as a home association or crime watch group, introduce disaster pre-paredness as a new activity. Know your neighbors’ special skills (e.g.,medical, technical) and consider how you could help neighbors who havespecial needs, such as disabled and elderly persons. Make plans for childcare in case parents can’t get home.
NEIGHBORS HELPING NEIGHBORS
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Quiz your kids every six months sothey remember what to do.
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Conduct fire and emergencyevacuation drills.Year Drill Date
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Replace stored water every threemonths and stored food every sixmonths.
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Test and recharge your fireextinguisher(s) according tomanufacturer’s instructions.
4
Practice and Maintain Your Plan
Evacuate immediately if toldto do so:
s
Listen to your battery-poweredradio and follow the instructionsof local emergency officials.
s
Wear protective clothing andsturdy shoes.
s
Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
s
Lock your home.
s
Use travel routes specified bylocal authorities — don’t useshortcuts because certain areasmay be impassable or dangerous.
If you’re sure you have time:
s
Shut off water, gas and electricitybefore leaving, if instructed to do so.
s
Post a note telling others when youleft and where you are going.
s
Make arrangements for your pets.
EVACUATION
t
Post emergency telephone numbersby phones (fire, police, ambulance,etc.).
t
Teach children how and when to call911 or your local Emergency MedicalServices number for emergency help.
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Show each family member how andwhen to turn off the water, gas andelectricity at the main switches.
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Check if you have adequate insurancecoverage.
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Teach each family member how touse the fire extinguisher (ABC type),and show them where it’s kept.
Complete This Checklist
t
Install smoke detectors on each levelof your home, especially nearbedrooms.
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Conduct a home hazard hunt.
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Stock emergency supplies andassemble a Disaster Supplies Kit.
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Take a Red Cross first aid and CPRclass.
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Determine the best escape routesfrom your home. Find two ways outof each room.
t
Find the safe spots in your home foreach type of disaster.

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