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STS-51F National Space Transportation System Mission Report

STS-51F National Space Transportation System Mission Report

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Apr 09, 2011
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JSC-20770
STS51-FNationalSpaceTransportationSystemMissionReport
September
1985
NI\SJ\
NationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministrationLyndonB.Johnso~SpaceCenterHouston,Texas
 
INTRODUCTIONANDMISSIONOBJECTIVESTheSTS51-FNationalSTS(SpaceTransportationSystem)MissionReportcontainsasummaryofthemajoractivitiesandaccomplishmentsofthenineteenthSpaceShuttleflightandtheeighthflightoftheOV-099vehicle,Challenger.TheproblemtrackinglistispresentedtoprovideacompletelistofallOrbiterproblemsthatoccurred.TheprimaryobjectivesoftheSTS51-FflightweretosuccessfullyconductverificationflighttestsofSpacelabinthepallet-onlyconfigurationasanoperationalelementoftheSTS,includingtheIPS(InstrumentPointingSystem),andtoconductnormalSpacelabscientificoperationswithinflightandremainingtimelineconstraints.TheseoperationsincludedeploymentandretrievalofthePDP(PlasmaDiagnosticsPackage)experiments.ThesequenceofeventsforthisflightisshownintableI.TheproblemtrackinglistsfortheOrbiterandMarshallSpaceFlightCenterelementsarepresentedintablesIIandIII,respectively.MISSIONSUMMARYThescheduledSTS51-FlaunchonJuly12,1985,wasabortedshortlyafterignitionofallthreemainengines.Theabortwasexecutedbecausethemainengine-2chambercoolantvalvewasslowinclosingfrom100-percentopento70-percentrequiredforstartup.Otherthanthisproblem,allsystemsoperatedasplannedthroughoutloadingandprelaunchoperations.Detankingoperationswereperformedasplannedforanabortedlaunch.TheSTS51-FmissionwaslaunchedonJuly29,1985.Lift-offwasdelayed1hour37minutesduetoanerroneouscommandtotheBFS(backupflightsystem)computer.Thecountdownwasresumedandlift-offoccurredat210:21:00G.m.t.(5:00:00p.m.,e.d.t)fromLaunchComplex39AatKSC(KennedySpaceCenter).ThemissionwassuccessfullyconcludedwithalandingatEdwardsAirForceBase,California,at218:19:45:26G.m.t.,onAugust6,1985.ThecrewforthisnineteenthflightoftheSpaceShuttleandthirdflightofSpacelabwereC.GordonFullerton,Col.,U.S.AirForce,Commander;RoyD.Bridges,Col.,U.S.AirForce,Pilot;KarlG.Henize,Ph.D.,AnthonyW.England,Ph.D.,andF.StoryMusgrave,M.D.,MissionSpecialists;andLorenW.Acton,Ph.D.,andJohn-DavidBartoe,Ph.D.,PayloadSpecialists.At5minutes43secondsafterlift-off,bothtemperaturereadingsfortheSSME(SpaceShuttleMainEngine)1highpressureturbopumpindicatedabovethered-line,resultinginaprematureshutdownofSSME1andthedeclarationofanATO(abort-to-orbit)condition.ThisisthefirstsuchabortconditionencounteredduringtheShuttleProgram.AnOMS(orbitalmaneuveringsystem)burnwasinitiatedat210:21:06:06.0G.m.t.,for106secondsandusedapproximately4134lbofpropellant.At8minutes13secondsintotheflight,oneoftwotempera-turesensorsonSSME3indicatedahightemperaturereadingandautoshutdownfortheremainingtwoengineswasinhibitedtoassureachievinganacceptableorbit.TheOMS(orbitalmaneuveringsystem)-2burnplacedtheShuttleina143.1-by108.0-nmi.orbitwithaninclinationof49.57degrees.
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Thefirstday'sactivitiesincludedopeningthepayloadbaydoors,checkoutoftheRMS(RemoteManipulatorSystem),activationofSpacelabexperiments,anddeploymentoftheIPS.BecauseoftheATOdecision,threeadditionalOMSburnswererequiredtoraisetheorbitto170.7by169.8nmi.TheoperationalphaseofSpacelabbeganonthesecondday.Allinstrumentswerepoweredupandseveralhadbegunscienceoperations.Oneexperiment,SOUP(SolarOpticalUniversalPolarimeter)becameinoperativeplussomepointingpro-blemswereevidentwiththeIPS.TheIPSwasstowedduringthehighlysuccess-fulPDPoperation.GoodscientificdatawereobtainedfromtheremainingSpacelabexperiments.TheOrbitersubsystemscontinuedtooperatesatisfactorilyduringthethirddayofthemission.Thehighlightofthisthirddaywasthesuccessfuldeployment,operation,andgrappleofthePDP.ThemajorityofthecrewtimefrombothshiftswasdevotedtoPDPoperation.SuccessfulscienceoperationswerecompletedforeveryexperimentexcepttheSOUP,whichremainedinoperativesinceshortlyafteractivation.Day4,themidpointoftheplanned7-daymission,sawthesuccessfulcompletionofthe6-hourperiodofproximityoperationswiththefree-flyingPDP.ThefinaltwoflyaroundswerecompletedandthePDPwasgrappledandstowed.
As
aresultoftheseactivities,thecrewwasabletoshifttheirattentiontosolarandastronomicalobservations.OperationswiththeIPSimprovedwithsunpoint-ingbeingquitesuccessful;however,someoftheproblemsexperiencedearlierinthemissionwerestillpresent.
An
attempttostarttheSOUPexperimentwasagainunsuccessful.AllOrbitersubsystemscontinuedtooperatesatisfactorilythroughoutthefourthday.Day5Orbitersubsystemoperationscontinuedtobeverysatisfactory.Initiald.iscussionswereheldonextendingthemissiononedaysincetheconsumablesappearedtobeadequatetosupportsuchanextension.Thescientistsreceivedvastamountsofsundataand,withthethreetelescopespointingsimultaneouslyatthesamespotandtheIPSoperatingsatisfactorily,theywereabletoobtainamorecomprehensivepictureoftheSun.Inadditiontotheseobservations,mostoftheotherSpacelab2experimentswereoperatingautomatically.NonewOrbiteranomalieswerereportedduringday6asthevehiclesubsystemscontinuedtoperforminanexcellentmanner.Thedecisionwasmadetoextendthemission24hourswiththeplannedlandingonAugust6,1985.ATPS(thermalprotectionsystem)tilesurveywassuccessfullyconductedoftheundersideofthevehicleanditshowednosignificantdamage.TheSpacelab2missionloggedanothersuccessfuldayasthecrewcompletedallplannedactivitiesonschedulewithahighdegreeof"datatake".AllSpacelabsystemsandexperimentsexcepttheSOUPcontinuedtooperateproperly.
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