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Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. - Hydrobiologia. 2002, 469: 203-204. [key words: Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety]. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327; http://ru.scribd.com/doc/52627327/

Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. - Hydrobiologia. 2002, 469: 203-204. [key words: Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety]. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327; http://ru.scribd.com/doc/52627327/

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Published by Sergei Ostroumov
http://ru.scribd.com/doc/52627327/
2H469p203.Polyfunctional.role.w.Addendum.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum;
Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. - Hydrobiologia, 2002, 469: 203-204.
POLYFUNCTIONAL ROLE OF BIODIVERSITY IN PROCESSES LEADING TO WATER PURIFICATION: CURRENT CONCEPTUALIZATIONS AND CONCLUDING REMARKS
S.A.Ostroumov
Faculty of Biology, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 Russia; ar55[at]yandex.ru

Key words: water quality, water purification, self-purification, biodiversity, pollutants, ecosystem services, freshwater, marine, aquatic ecosystems, sustainability

New, Biodiversity, sustainable, Use, Resources, freshwater, sustainability, marine, pollutants, Aquatic, water quality, Ecosystem Services, conceptualization, water purification, aquatic ecosystems, selfpurification, s.a. ostroumov

Sustainable use of aquatic resources is based on the ability of aquatic ecosystems to maintain a certain level of water quality. Water self-purification in both freshwater and marine ecosystems is based on a number of interconnected processes (e.g., Wetzel, 1983; Spellman, 1996; Ostroumov 1998, 2000). Among them are:
(1) physical and physico-chemical processes, including: (1.1) solution and dilution of pollutants; (1.2) export of pollutants to the adjacent land areas; (1.3) export of pollutants to the adjacent water bodies; (1.4) sorption of pollutants onto suspended particles and further sedimentation of the latter; (1.5) sorption of pollutants by sediments; (1.6) evaporation of pollutants;
(2) chemical processes, including: (2.1) hydrolysis of pollutants; (2.2) photochemical transformations; (2.3) redox-catalytic transformations; (2.4) transformations including free radicals; (2.5) binding of pollutants by dissolved organic matter, which may lead to decreasing toxicity; (2.6) chemical oxidation of pollutants by oxygen;
(3) biological processes, including: (3.1) sorption, uptake and accumulation of pollutants by organisms; (3.2) biotransformations (redox reactions, degradation, conjugation), mineralization of organic matter; (3.3) transformation of pollutants by extracellular enzymes; (3.4) removal of suspended matter and pollutants from the water column in the process of water filtering by filter-feeders; (3.5) removal of pollutants from the water in the process of sorption by pellets excreted by aquatic organisms; (3.6) uptake of nutrients (including P, N, and organic molecules) by organisms; (3.7) biotransformation and sorption of pollutants in soil (and removal of nutrients), important when polluted waters are in contact with terrestrial ecosystems; (3.8) a network of regulatory processes when certain organisms control or influence other organisms involved in water purification.
Living organisms are involved in physical, physico-chemical and chemical processes 1.1-1.6 and 2.1-2.6 directly or through excretion of oxygen or organic metabolites, production of suspended matter, affecting turbidity, temperature of water or other parameters of the ecosystem. As a result, living organisms are the core component of the multitude of processes of the ecological machinery working towards improving water quality. This component performs eight vital functions directly (3.1-3.8) and is involved indirectly in some of the other twelve functions (1.1-1.6 and 2.1-2.6) so that its role is clearly polyfunctional.
Living organisms of aquatic bodies (both autotrophs and heterotrophs) are enormously diverse in terms of taxonomy. Among them, autotrophs generate oxygen that is involved in the processes 2.6 and 2.4 above. Heterotrophs perform processes 3.1, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 and some others. Virtually all biodiversity is involved.
Given this polyfunctional role of aquatic organisms, in one of our publications we compared aquatic ecosystems to 'large-scal
http://ru.scribd.com/doc/52627327/
2H469p203.Polyfunctional.role.w.Addendum.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum;
Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. - Hydrobiologia, 2002, 469: 203-204.
POLYFUNCTIONAL ROLE OF BIODIVERSITY IN PROCESSES LEADING TO WATER PURIFICATION: CURRENT CONCEPTUALIZATIONS AND CONCLUDING REMARKS
S.A.Ostroumov
Faculty of Biology, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 Russia; ar55[at]yandex.ru

Key words: water quality, water purification, self-purification, biodiversity, pollutants, ecosystem services, freshwater, marine, aquatic ecosystems, sustainability

New, Biodiversity, sustainable, Use, Resources, freshwater, sustainability, marine, pollutants, Aquatic, water quality, Ecosystem Services, conceptualization, water purification, aquatic ecosystems, selfpurification, s.a. ostroumov

Sustainable use of aquatic resources is based on the ability of aquatic ecosystems to maintain a certain level of water quality. Water self-purification in both freshwater and marine ecosystems is based on a number of interconnected processes (e.g., Wetzel, 1983; Spellman, 1996; Ostroumov 1998, 2000). Among them are:
(1) physical and physico-chemical processes, including: (1.1) solution and dilution of pollutants; (1.2) export of pollutants to the adjacent land areas; (1.3) export of pollutants to the adjacent water bodies; (1.4) sorption of pollutants onto suspended particles and further sedimentation of the latter; (1.5) sorption of pollutants by sediments; (1.6) evaporation of pollutants;
(2) chemical processes, including: (2.1) hydrolysis of pollutants; (2.2) photochemical transformations; (2.3) redox-catalytic transformations; (2.4) transformations including free radicals; (2.5) binding of pollutants by dissolved organic matter, which may lead to decreasing toxicity; (2.6) chemical oxidation of pollutants by oxygen;
(3) biological processes, including: (3.1) sorption, uptake and accumulation of pollutants by organisms; (3.2) biotransformations (redox reactions, degradation, conjugation), mineralization of organic matter; (3.3) transformation of pollutants by extracellular enzymes; (3.4) removal of suspended matter and pollutants from the water column in the process of water filtering by filter-feeders; (3.5) removal of pollutants from the water in the process of sorption by pellets excreted by aquatic organisms; (3.6) uptake of nutrients (including P, N, and organic molecules) by organisms; (3.7) biotransformation and sorption of pollutants in soil (and removal of nutrients), important when polluted waters are in contact with terrestrial ecosystems; (3.8) a network of regulatory processes when certain organisms control or influence other organisms involved in water purification.
Living organisms are involved in physical, physico-chemical and chemical processes 1.1-1.6 and 2.1-2.6 directly or through excretion of oxygen or organic metabolites, production of suspended matter, affecting turbidity, temperature of water or other parameters of the ecosystem. As a result, living organisms are the core component of the multitude of processes of the ecological machinery working towards improving water quality. This component performs eight vital functions directly (3.1-3.8) and is involved indirectly in some of the other twelve functions (1.1-1.6 and 2.1-2.6) so that its role is clearly polyfunctional.
Living organisms of aquatic bodies (both autotrophs and heterotrophs) are enormously diverse in terms of taxonomy. Among them, autotrophs generate oxygen that is involved in the processes 2.6 and 2.4 above. Heterotrophs perform processes 3.1, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 and some others. Virtually all biodiversity is involved.
Given this polyfunctional role of aquatic organisms, in one of our publications we compared aquatic ecosystems to 'large-scal

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Published by: Sergei Ostroumov on Apr 09, 2011
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Sergei Ostroumov added this note|
Innovative papers to change #policy on #water_resources, #environmental_policy. 22 institutions, top universities, http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/06/innovative-papers-to-change-policy-on.html
Sergei Ostroumov added this note|
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/05/citation-of-polyfunctional-role-of_7428.html #Citation Polyfunctional role of #biodiversity in processes leading to #water #purification. conceptualizations
Sergei Ostroumov added this note|
#Citation Polyfunctional role of #biodiversity in processes leading to #water #purification. conceptualizations http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/05/citation-of-polyfunctional-role-of_7428.html
Sergei Ostroumov added this note|
Citation of. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification.Current conceptualizations and concluding remarks Citation in U.S.A., China, Belgium; Sweden; France; Germany; The Netherlands; Ireland; Spain, Czech Republic, et al.: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/05/citation-of-polyfunctional-role-of_7428.html
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