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California Geology Magazine November 1990

California Geology Magazine November 1990

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APUBLICATION
OFTHE
DEPARTMENTOFCONSERVATIONDIVISION
OF
MINESANDGEOLOGYSlale
or
Cal,lo<"",
GEORGE
OEUKMEJIAN
Governor
GORDON
KVANVLECK
Sacretaryfor
Resoorces
In
This
Issue'
SHORTMININGCOURSES,242GEOLOGICALSOCIETYOFAMERICACONFERENCE242LOMAPRIETAEARTHQUAKE,,243PLATETECTONICSANDTHEGULF
OF
CALIFORNIAREGION252DMGPUBLICATION-SPECIALPUBLICATION
98
257BOOKREVIEWS,,258EARTH
ON
THEMOVE.
261
NOMINATIONSFORALFRED
E.
ALQUISTAWARD263MAILORDERFORM,263SEISMICINTENSITYDISTRIBUTIONMAPS264
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGY
starr
Depa,tment
ot
Conae,vallon
Dtv'SIOn
01
M,nes
&
Geology
TechnicalEditor:AssislantEd'tor:GraphicsandOes,gn'PublicationsSupervisor·RANDALLM
WARD
DI,actor
JAMES
FDAVIS
Srate
GeologISt
Don
Dupras
LenaTob,lloLouise
Huckaby
Jell
Tambert
Cover:
Typical
terrain
in
theSanta
Cruz
Mountains.
View
IS
tothe
northeast
between
Milldego
Hill
and
AlpineCreekAoad.Notethe
lobe-shapedearthllows.
The
epicenter
01
the
devastalingOctober
17.1989
Lorna
Prieta
earthquake
occurred
In
these
mountains
southeast
of
wherethis
photo
was
taken.Standard
practice
for
naming
asignilicant
earthquake
is
to
name
it
after
the
nearestprominent
geographic
feature
to
the
eventepicenter.
In
thiS
case
Lorna
Prieta
peak.the
highest
peak
in
theSantaCruz
Mountains.
An
article
abouthow
the
regional
geology
and
tectonismofthisregionisrelated
to
theLorna
Prieta
quake
is
on
page243.
DMGphototite.
TheDivision
of
ContinuingEducation
at
theMackaySchool
of
Mines.University
of
Nevada.isofferingthefollowingmining-relatedcourses.
P"nle<1
[)epi"tmenl
of
O_al
Se,voces
O t l ~
01
SlatePtlnllng
OWOSIOfl
HelKlquarll1f,'
1416
Ninth
SI,ee1.
Room
1341
Saaam""to.
CA
9S814
(Telephone
916-445-1825)
P U ~ ' C a ! I O f I S
and
InfOfmaHon
Oll,ce
660
Be,CU1
Otlve.Sec'amento,
C"
9S81H1131
P u ~ o c
Inlormahon
916-445-5716
Los
Angeles
()lIke
107
SouthBloadway,
Room
1065
Lin
AnQaIes,
CA
90012·4402
tTelephOne
213-620-3560)
Pleasanr
Htli
()ltoco
380
CIVIC
D'l'o'e.
Su"e
100.
Pleasanl
H,II,
CA
9-4523·1921
(Telephone
415·646-5920)
CAUFOfl.NIAGEOLOGY(ISSN0026
455511$
pubI<S/IId
M'lCH'lh1y
by
tl>e
Depa,1rT\ent
ot
Con_vallon.
DWI!.lDII
01
M,nelandGeology
Tt!e
RecordsOllocelS
It
lnl·2Oth
StrHt.Sacramento.
CA
95814
second
cia,.
p o s t ~
IS
ps,dal
Sac,amento,
CA
POSlmasle,
Send
add,lSs
cllanges
10
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGY(USPS
350
6401.
Bo.
2980.
56c,amento.
CA
95812-2980
RePOl"ls
COfl(;e,n"\gOlvlloon
ot
M,r.es
and
GooIOgy
p<otK!landa,llClesand......s,Ierns
,,,lallKl
to
tl\eea'lh
lI<;,enceSIfl
Cahfo,"la
e,e
lfIducllKllflllle
mllo\lez,r.e
C0n-
\!
,butlKl
a,
Ioclel.
pIIOtog'8Qhs.
r.e"s
II
eml.
"""
geoI09oca1
mee!,ng
announclf"fill!
a'"
welcome
THECONCLUSIONSANOQPINIQNSEXPRESSEDINARTICLESARESOLELYTHOSEOFTHEAUTHORSAND
"RE
NOTNECESSARILY
ENDORSEO
BYTHEOEPARTMENT
OF
CONSERVATION
Correspondenceshould
be
add,esled
10
EdIlO'
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGY,
66Oa.<CU1
Of_,
SacfamenlO
CA
9 ~ 1 4 - 0 1 3 1
SUbscf'lltlOflS
510.00
PI<
yea'
S,ngl"
copies
$1
25
Ndl
Send
..,bsa""l011
Of"",",
Ind
cNlnge
III
addflSl
",lo<rnahOf'l1O
CAliFORNI'"
GEOLOGY
PO
80.2960
Sacfam""lO.
C
...
95812-2980
November
1990NoIume
43/Number
11
CGEOA
43
(11)241-264(1990)
Short
Mining
Courses
January7-11,1991:HydrothennalAlterations.
$495.
January8-12.1991:ElementaryGeostatistic5.
$626.
January14·16.1991:AppliedGeostatistics.
$395.
January
14-15.1991
or
January17·18:FireAssaying.
$275.
February11·13.1991:BlastFragmentation.
$395.
Forfurtherinformationcontact:LeanneStone.ProgramCoordinatorDivision
of
ContinuingEducationMS
048.
University
of
NevadaReno.
NV
89557-0024
Telephone:(702)
784-4046
~
Geological
Societyof
America
Conference
The103rdAnnualMeetingandExposition
of
theGeologicalSociety
of
America(GSA)willbeheld
Irom
October
21-24.1991
in
San
Diego.It
will
be
heldatthe
San
DiegoConventionCenter.
III
W.
HarborDrive.Theopeningsession.titled
MThe
GlobalChallenge.
M
willincludeaEarth-wideperspectiveconcerningshrinkingresources.geologichazards.andclimaticchanges.Technicalsessionswillincludefieldtripsandabroadspectrum
01
geologicdisciplines.Forfurtherinformationcontacl:GeologicalSociety
of
America
3300
PenrosePlaceBoulder.
CO
80301-9140
Telephone:(303)
447-2020
FAX,(303)447-1133
j<
COrTection,Thereisan
error
inthecrosswordpuzzleonpage
213
of
theSeplember
1990
issue.Line
11
Acrossaskedforanequivalent
word
for
~ s p e '
cilicgravity."Theanswer.
~ d e n s i t y "
however,iswrongbecausethese
lwo
termshavedifferentmeanings.
Specific
Gravity
istheratio
of
thedensity
of
asubstance
to
that
of
water,
Density
is
the
mass
perunitvolume.
,<2
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYNOVEMBER
1990
 
Geologic
and
Tectonic
Settingof
the
EpicentralArea
of
the
LOMAPRIETAEARTHQUAKE
Santa
CruzCounty,
California
By
DAVID
l.
WAGNER.GeologistDivision
of
MinesandGeology
FlQure
1
Map
of
theSanFraoosco
Bay
area
shoW1ng
lauhsthai
make
up
the
SanAndreas
fault
system.
.'
"
"
~
-N-
I'\
o
u
.........
--
".
,u
J'
_
....
....
, ~
~ " ' "
cutthroughtherelativelyweakmarinesedimentaryrocksthatunderliemuchoftherangeandformeddeepsteep-walledcanyons.Slopefailures
are
commonand.asaresult.thickunstablelandslidedepositscovermuchoftherange.
CALIFORNIA
the
San
FranciscopeninsulasouthwardtothePajaroRivereast
of
Watsonville(Figure
I).
Most
oftheuplift
of
theSantaCruzMountainsoccurred
in
thelastfewmillionyears.
In
responsetothisrapiduplift.streamshavevigorously
T
heLornaPrietaearthquake
of
October
17.1989
wasthelatestdisplacementalongtheSanAndreas
faull;
displacementthathasoccurred
duringthe
laSI
30
millionyears.
Throughoutthisspanofgeologictimedistinctiverock
types
andgeologicfeatureshavebeenoffset186to
205
milesalongtheSanAndreas
faultin
centralCalifornia(NilsenandClarke.1975;Grahamandothers,1989).TheSanAndreas
fault
bisectstheSantaCruzMountains
in
anorthwesterlydirectionand
is
aboundary
bet\Aleen
two
largecrustalplates.thePacificplateto
the
westandtheNorthAmericanplatetotheeast.Therocks.structure.and
geo
morphoklgy
of
theSantaCruzMountains
"'ere
formed
by
movementandassociateddefonnationalongthe
San
Andreasfaultsystem.santa
Cruz
Mountains
TheSantaCruzMountainsareasparselypopulated.moderatelyrugged.heavilylorestedrangethatextendsfrom
Althoughshakingfromthemagnitude
7.1
October17,1989LornaPrietaquakelastedonlyabout15seconds.thelemblorresulted
in
67deaths.morethan3,500people
injured,and
propertydamageesti-
matedat
$7.5billion.It
wasleltover
an
areaofabout
400.000
squaremilesandcausedthebtggestdollarloss
01
anynatu-raldisasterinUnitedStaleshistory.ThelollowlngarticlewasonglnaJlypublished
in
the
DMslOn
of
Mines
and
Geology
5peclal
PubbcabOn
104anddescribes
the
fegJOOaI
geology
01
thiscatastrophICquake.
Such
detailed
invesllgatlonSofearthquakeproc-essesaidIn
our
understanding
01
how.
wl\ere-and
nopelully-when
theywill
happen
In
theluture...edltor.
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYNOVEMBER1990
'"

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