(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. . 9, No.
, March 2011
Reliability and Security in MDRTS
A Combine Colossal Expression
Gyanendra Kumar Gupta
Computer Sc. & Engg. Deptt.Kanpur Institute of TechnologyKanpurr, UP, India, email@example.com
A. K Sharma
Computer Sc. & Engg. DepttM.M.M. Engineering CollegeGorakhpur, UP, India, firstname.lastname@example.org
Computer Sc. & Engg. DepttM.M.M. Engineering CollegeGorakhpur, UP, India, email@example.com
Numerous types of Information Systems are broadlyused in various fields. With the fast development of computernetwork, Information System users care more about datasharing in networks. Sharing of information and changes madeby dissimilar user at different permission level is controlled bysuper user, but the read/write operation is performed in areliable manner. In conventional relational database, datareliability was controlled by consistency control mechanismwhen a data object is locked in a sharing mode, othertransactions can only read it, but can not update it. If theconventional consistency control method has been used yet, thesystem’s concurrency will be inadequately influenced. So thereare many new necessities for the consistency control in the fieldof Information system (MDRTS). In present era not only theinformation grows enormously it also brings together indifferent nature of data like text, image, and picture, graphicand sound. The problem not limited only to type of data (e.g.databases) it has used in different environment of database likeMobile Database, Distributed, Real Time Database, andDatabase and Multimedia database. There are many aspects of data reliability problems in mobile distributed real time system(MDRTS), such as inconsistency between attribute and type of data; the inconsistency of topological relations after objects hasbeen modified. In this paper, many cases of data reliability arediscussed for Information System. As the mobile computingbecomes well-liked and the database grows with informationsharing security is a big issue for researchers. Reliability andSecurity of data is a big confront for researchers because whenever the data is not reliable and secure no maneuver on thedata (e.g. transaction) is useful. It becomes more and morecrucial when the data changes from one form to another (i.e.transactions) that are used in non-traditional environment likeMobile, Distributed, Real Time and Multimedia databases. Inthis paper we raise the different aspects and analyze theavailable solution for reliability and security of databases.Conventional Database Security has focused primarily oncreating user accounts and managing user privileges level todatabase objects. In this paper we also talk about animpression of the present and past database securitychallenges.
Key Words- System Reliability, Sharing , DataConsistency, Data Privileges, Data Loss, Data Recovery,Integrity, Concurrency Control & Recovery, Distributed Databases, Transactions, Security, Authentication,Integrity, Access Control, Encryption
1)Data reliability summarizes the validity, accuracy,usability and integrity of related data between applicationsand across Information Technology. This ensures that eachuser observes a reliable view of the constant data, includingvisible changes made by the user's own transactions(read/write) and transactions of other users or processes[1,2]. Data Reliability problems may arise at any time but arefrequently introduced during or following recovery situationswhen backup copies of the data are used in place of theoriginal data. Reliability is mostly concerned withconsistency .Building distributed database system reliability is veryimportant. The failure of a distributed database system canresult in anything from easily repairable errors to disastrousmeltdowns. A reliable distributed database system isdesigned to be as fault tolerant as feasible. Fault tolerancedeals with making the system function in the presence of faults. Faults can occur in any of the components of adistributed system. This article gives a brief overview of thedifferent types of faults in a system and some of their solutions.Various kinds of data consistency have been identified.These include Application Consistency, TransactionConsistency and Point-in-Time ConsistencyII.
Point in Time Consistency
Data is said to be Point in Time consistent if all of theinterrelated data components are as they were at any singleinstant in time. This type of consistency can be visualized bypicturing a data center that has experienced a power failure.Before the lights come back on and processing resumes, thedata is considered time consistent, due to the fact that theentire processing environment failed at the same instant of time.Different types of failures may create a situation wherePoint in Time consistency is not maintained. For example,consider the failure of a single logical volume containingdata from several applications. If the only recovery option isto restore that volume from a backup taken sometime earlier,the data contained on the restored volume is not consistent
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