Artificial Neural Network (ANN),
often just called a "neural network" (NN), isa mathematical model or computational model based on biological neural networks. It consistsof an interconnected group of artificial neurons and processes information using aconnectionist approach to computation. In most cases an ANN is an adaptive system that changes its structure based on external or internal information that flows through thenetwork during the learning phase. In more practical terms neural networks are
statistical data modeling tools. They can be used to model complex relationships between inputs and outputs or to find patterns in data.A
Feed Forward Neural Network
is an artificial neural network where connections between theunits do not form a directed cycle. This is different from recurrent neural networks. Thefeed forward neural network was the first and arguably simplest type of artificial neuralnetwork devised. In this network, the information moves in only one direction, forward,from the input nodes, through the hidden nodes (if any) and to the output nodes. There are no cycles or loops in the network.The
Back Propagation Algorithm
is a common way of teaching artificial neural networkshow to perform a given task. It requires a teacher that knows, or can calculate, the desired output for any given input. It is most useful for
networks. Back propagation algorithmlearns the weights for a multilayer network, given a network with a fixed set of units and interconnections. It employs gradient descendent rule to attempt to minimize the squared error between thenetwork output values and the target values for these outputs. 
Fig 1: Simple Neural Networks having 3 Layers (Input layer, hidden layer and output layer)
Problem considered in NN:
Pattern recognition has become much important and interesting application industry.
planning to apply Neural Network for recognizing characters, initially digits. My searchfrom internet and other materials made me feel that Neural Network would be a goodoption to recognize character.
much interested in learning
Neural Network canbe applied to a particular problem domain (in this case
and why NN is worth of