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California Geology Magazine June 1991

California Geology Magazine June 1991

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CALIFORNIA
GEOLOGY
APUBLICATIONOFTHEOEPARTMENTOFCONSERVATIONDIVISIONOFMINESAHOGEOLOGY
$Ial.
ol
cald_
PETE
WlLSON
""""""
Tho!
~
Ag«lcy
DOUGLAS
P
WHEELER
Secrelary
tor
Resoorces
~
0/
eor-vatJOI\
eDWARDGHElDlG
" , , , , ~
JAMES
F
DAVIS
Slate
Geologist
CALIFORNIA
GEOLOGY
stall
In
This
Issue
I
UNDERWATERMININGCONFERENCE122MINESANDGEOLOGY
OF
FORTIRWIN
123
TAMARACKTUFF130HELPYOURSTUDENTSGETEXCITEDABOUTEARTHSCIENCE
138
DMGRELEASES
139
SP
107
MINERALCOMMODITY
REPORT-BENTONITE
139OFR
91-07
PRINCIPALFACTSANDSOURCESFOR1528LANDGRAVITYSTATIONSONSANFRANCISCOQUAD
140
INLANDGEOLOGICALSOCIETY
CAll
FORPAPERS140BOOKREVIEWS.
141
MAil
ORDERFORM..................................................
141
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYSUBSCRIPTIONFORM...
142
MEMORIAL,JOSEPH
F.
POLAND:
1908-1991.144
PmIed
D8partmef\1
ot
General
~
Office
01
Stall
PnnUng
TechrvcalEditor:
Asslstant
Ed,IOf:
GraphICS
and
DeSIgn
PubhcatlQf1s
Supervl$Of
Oon
Dupms
Lena
Tabilio
LouiseHuckaby
JeltTamben
CoverPhoto:Paleozoicmetamorphicrocks,northeasternAvawatzMountains.TheAvawatzMountainshavebeenupliftedthousandsoffeetsincetheMiocene.Thegeologistisstandingonanupthrownblock
01
Paleozoicmeta-sedimentaryrock.
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Underwater
Mining
Conference
Correction:
Thethirdsentenceinthefirstparagraphonpage
68
of
theMarch
issue
shouldread
as
follows.Theoxygenliberatedinphotosynthesis
is
derivedIromwater.howevertheoxygenincorporated
into
livingplants
is
derivedfromcarbondioxide.
los
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June1991Nolume44/Number6
CGEOA44
(6)
12H44
(1991)
The2200InternationalUnderwa-terMiningConferencewill
be
heldfromSeptember29·October2.1991inKahuku.Hawaii.Thisforumforoceanminingandrelatedresearchwillhighlightrecentdevelopments
and
futureprojectsalongthePacificRim.Innovativecomputerapplica-tionsinmarinemineralsexplorationandanewunderwaterdrillingsystemwill
be
displayed.Speakerswill
discuss
CObalHichcrusts
of
centralPacificseamounts.
sea
floorchromite
sands
offshoreOregon.andoUshoremineraldepositsalongtheAlaskacoastline.Thisforumissponsored
by
theUniversity
of
Wisconsin
Sea
GrantInstitUleincooperationwiththeOceanBasinsDivision
of
theMarineMineralsTechnologyCenter.theContinentalShelfDivision
of
theMarineMineralsTechnologyCenter.andtheInternationalMiningSociety.Forfurtherinformationcontact:Allen
H.
MillerUnderwaterMiningInstituteI
BOO
UniversityAve.Madison.WI
53705-4094
(60B)
262-0645
x6CO
2
,,
12
HzOC(,HIP(,..
6Hp
..
60
2
'22
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYJUNE
1991
 
Mines
and
Geology
of
FortIrwin
San
BernardinoCounty.Califomia
By
JOHN
S.
AAPP.Geologist
and
LARRY
M.VREDENBURGH,Geologist)(Ibex
PassKinl!SIOn
~ R a n g e
/"-r:::..
r
y...
FortIrwin
INTRODUCTION
T
he
examination
of
mines
and
mining
prospectsatFortIrwinwas
done
concurrentlywithDivisionof
M l I ~
and
Geology
(DMG)
regklnal
geologic
mapping
andother
mineralresource
studiesin
the
region,Mapping.
fieldchecking.
and
geoIogk
data
of
the
Fan
Irwin
region
VJere
collected
between
January
1982
and
May
1990.DMG
condoctcd
an
investigation
of
the
mineralresourcepotenlial
of
the
Fort
Irwin
regk>n
to
develop
geologic
and
mineral
information
in
aregionof
California
wherevery
little
published
mineralresourceinformatlonexists.This
articlewas
adapted
from
an
unpublishedDMGSpecialReportthat
will
be
entitled
Themineralresource
potential.
geology.
and
abandonedmines
0/
Fort
Irwin.SonBernardino
County.
California.
Trona
N
\
MILES
,
"
"
,
,
,,
15
Daggett
C:ldy
Mlns.
'-o-r--
40
15
BakerKelso
FigureI.Localionmap
of
the
Fort
Irwin
region.
LOCATIONANDACCESS
~ .
,
/
,
CAUFORNIA
GEOLOGY
,¥
--
.
.
JUNE
1991
Fon
hwin
is
located
in
the
centralMojave
Desen.
approximately
40
miles
nonh
of
Barstow(Figure
I).
The
FortIrwinNationalTraining
Center
employsapproximately
5.800
civilianworkers
(in
house
U.s.
Governmentdocuments.
1987).
Part
of
the
southern
boundary
of
Death
ValleyNationalMonument
is
fewer
than
3
miles
northof
the
Fort.
and
the
NationalAeronautic
andSpace
Administration"s
(NASA)
Goldstonesatellitetrackingfacility
is
locatedjust
west
ofFon
Irwin.
Photo
1.M-60
tank
heading
east
from
Blcyde
Lake.
Photos
by
authors.

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