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California Geology Magazine March 1991

California Geology Magazine March 1991

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LakeAImanor
Lassen
Peak
MARCH
1991
 
CALIFORNIA
GEOLOGY
APUBLICATION
Of'THE
DEPARTMENT
OF
CONSERVATIONDIVISIONOFMINESANDGEOLOGY
Slale
01
CaliIomia
PETEWILSON
G o ~
The
~
~
DOUGLAS
P
WHEELER
S6crerwyfor
Resooroos
~
or
eon-vauon
EDWARD
G
HEIOIG
o,r9Ctor
JAMES
F,
DAVIS
51818
GB%gIst
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYstall
In
This
Issue
I
CALLFOAPAPEAS
50
ACTIVEFAULTSNORTHOFLASSENVOLCANICNATIONALPARK
51
PRODUCTSOFTHEALQUIST-PRIOLOFAULTEVALUATIONANDZONINGPROJECT.
59
PRELIMINARYREVIEWMAPSOFPROPOSEDALQUIST-PRIOLOSPECIALSTUDIESZONES.
63
SIGNIFICANCEOFCALIFORNIA'SMININGINDUSTRY
64
BOOKREVIEWS69MAILORDERFORM69
MEMORIAL-QUINTIN
ALBERTAUNE
70
MINERAL5-A
PAGEFOATEACHEAS
71
ANNOUNCEMENTS
72
SMIP91SEMINAR
72
FOURTHINTERNATIONALCONFEAENCEONSEISMICZONATION
72
Prlntedc
~
01
GoJnMaI
serw::.
0Ill0I
01
Slatll
PrInting
T&ehrllcalEditor,
AssIstantEditor:
GraphICS
and
Deslgn:Publications
Sllpervlsor:
Don
DuprasLena
Tabllio
Louise
Hucllaby
JeIfTamben
Cover:
High
al1itude
panoramalooking
SOIJth
along
the
prominent
scarps
01
theHat
Creekfaullioward
Lassen
Peak.
This
faultdis·
places
laleQuaternaryvolcanic
rod<s
andwas
recentlyinvestigated
10
determine
il
it
Is
active.
An
articleabout
this
faullstudystarts
on
page
51.
U.S.
Ai'
Forcephoto,
7968,
#064L009.
~
~
,.'8
Ninth
Street
Room
13041
s.cr_.CAfl5lIl.
(T"-
816-«5-18251
I'uIlloc:auoN
ancl1l'llom'lliorl
Olloce"
680
lleta.ol
DrI\Ie.
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CA95811-0131
PIIIllo::
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816445-5711;
to.
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107
S o u t h ~ '
Room
1065
l ~ ~ .
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90012-"02
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s..-
100
P\eat.anI
Hill,
CA
g.t523-1991(Tllep/IOr'It
a
15-60&6·!i920)
CAliFORNIA
GEOlOGY
(ISSN
00264(55)
~
monlhIy
by
the
I.>epatImenI
01
eo.-v,lIOn,
~
III
MnM
ancl
'**'or,
The
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~
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s.a_.
CA
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s.nd
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10
CALIFORNIAGEOlOGY(USPS350
8010),
Sol
2980.
5ac<a·
.......,.
CA
95812-2980
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COIlC*'IWIlI
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01
Mit\M.
and
G8<*Igy
P'0flICIS
..-.cl
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ID
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liDenc:es
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CaIilorr.-
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on
'"
II'IIIgaZlIW
ContribuIec:l
artldea.
~ _ l M m s . a n c l ~ ~ l I I ' I I ' I C l U I ' I <
- ~ -
Call
for
Papers
TheSecondConferenceonEarthquakeHazardsintheeastern
San
FranciscoBayareawill
be
heldMarch
25-28,
1992inHayward.California.Contributedpapersareinvitedandmusttouchspecifically
on
someaspect
of
earthquakehazardintheeasternpart
of
theSanFranciscoBayregion.althoughstudiesrelevant
to
theentireregion
will
be
considered.PreliminaryabstractsareduebyJune
I.
1991to
be
consideredforinclusionintheconference.Papers.nottoex
ceed
eightpublishedpages.aredue
by
September
1.
1991.Forfurtherinformationcontact:Dr.
Sue
Ellen
Hirschfeld.Department
of
GeologicalSciences.CaliforniaStateUniversity.Hayward.
CA
94542.
telephone:(415)
881-3486.x
TIE
CONCl.USIONSANDOPINIONS
EXPRESSED
IN
ARTICLES
ARE
SOl.El
YTHOSE
OF
THE
A,UTHOAS
ANO
ARENOT
NECESSARILYENOClA$EO
BY
THE
DEPART
MENTOFCONSERVATION
Co"
..
pondanta
ahould
bl
add,nsl'd
10
EdOlO,
CAliFORNIAQEOI.OOY.660
BerCUl
0nwI.
5acf_.
CA
9581.·0131Sublcripllonl.$10.00
pel
V-.
Single
QI;lIlIN
$1.25..,;11
Send
~
ordefsand
c:hange
01
__
onIon1>MIon
IOCAlIFOAHIA
GEOI.OOY.PO.
Bolt
2980.
5acf_.
CA
ll5e12-2lllIO
March
1991Nolume44/Number3
CGEOA44(3)
49-72
(1991)
Note
to
Subscribers
CAUFORNIAGEOLOGY
is
approximately
six
weeks
behindschedule.Manysubscribers,concernedbythe
lag
inreceivingtheirmonthly
issues.
wonderIftheirsubscriptions
have
lapsed
or
havenot
been
renewed.Thisisnotthe
case.
Wearemakingeveryefforttomeetproductiondeadlinesandappreciatetheunderstandingandpatience
of
oursubscribers
...
editor.x
Correction
In
the!
thirdparagraph
on
page
36
intheFebruary
issue,
Illinoiantime
was
incorrectlydefined
by
theeditor.
Based
onthebestoxygen-isotopecorrelationsavailable,theauthorsdefinelllinoiantime
to
haveoccurredbetweenapproxirnately'130,000yearsagoand
190,000
years
ago.X"
50
CALIFORNIA
GEOlOGY
MARCH
1991
 
Active
Faults
North
of
Lassen
Volcanic
National
Park,
Northern
California
By
C.J.
WILLS,
GeologistDivisionofMines
and
Geology
INTRODUCTION
Boldedterms
ale
In
Glo$saryonpage58.
AlongtheapproximateboundarybetweentheCascadeRangeandtheModocPlateau.aseriesoffaultshaveformedspectacular.high.
steep
scarpsinthevolcanicbedrock.
The
bedrockofthisareaiscomposedoflateTertiaryandQuaternaryvolcanicandsedimentarydeposits.Widespread.nearlyflat-lyingbasalt
flows
oftheModocPlateauunderliemuch
of
thearea.LassenPeak,alargedacitedomelastactivein
1915.
andMedicineLakevolcano.alarge
shield
volcano
thathasalsobeenactiveinrecenttimes.arefound
at
thesouthandnorth
ends
ofthefaultzone.Bothactivevolcanoesareconsid
ered
partoftheCascadeRange.althoughthe
Medi
cineLakevolcanolieseastofthemainCascades.Smallervolcaniccentersarescatteredalongthefaultzonebetweenthesetwomajorvolcaniccenters.TheFallRiverValley.abasin
filled
withQuaternaryalluviumandlakedeposits.occupiesthecenterofthezone.
Normalfaulting
betweentwoofnorthernCalifornia'smostactivevolcanoesimpliesthaIextensionofthecrustmayhaveprovidedapathformagma
to
reachthesurface.TheclusteringoflatePleistocenevolcanicventsalongthefaultzonefurthersupportsthis
sug
gestion(Figure
2).
In
thesouthernhalfoftheregion.Guffanliandothers(1989)foundthatPleistocenevokanicventsarescalleredoverabroadarea.but
all
ofIhe
52
ventsyoungerthan
25.000
yearsareatLassenPeak
or
inthezoneofnormalfaults
to
thenorth.
GEOLOGIC
SETIING
Figure
I.
I r ' l d e ~
map
01
geOlogic
provinces
01
northernCalifornia
and
locationsof
ma-
jorvolcanoes
In
the
Cascade
Range.
NortheasternCalifornia
is
underlain
by
TertiaryandQuaternaryvolcanicrocks.Theserockshaveformedtwodistinctgeologic-geomorphicprovinces(Jenkins.
1938)
(Figure
ll.
To
thewestistheCascadeRange.anorth-southtrendingrangeofaclivevolcanoesthatextendssouthwardthroughWashingtonandOregonintonorthernCalifornia.EastoftheCascades
is
lheModocPlateau.ahigh
(4.000
10
6.000
feetelevation)seriesofplateausandlowmountains.separated
by
broadvalleys.
The
ModocPlateau
is
mostlyunderlain
by
flat-lyingbasalt
news
oflateTertiaryto
Pleistocene
age
(mostlybetween5
and
10
millionyearsold).LassenVolcanicNationalPark(Figure
2).
The
followingdescriptionsofthesefaultsindicatethatthefaults
are
activeand
pose
an
earthquakehazardtoparts
of
northernCalifornia.
i f u ) , : . r - ' = 1 : t : ; ~ -
. _ . ~
,
SISlOYOO
~
~
-'.\'0
j:
'1,
,
~
«'
,
"v"
MCOOC
i".
J.
"""
~ '
J
"'1cl'
MODOC
<
j
.(LASSE
~ \ I
~
PLATEA
, ~
/'
PK.t:
7
I>
HlN-llOUlTI
-
........
---..,...;:
w
.
TflHTY"':""
Areaof'-J
/ ~ ' ~ o
'z
-
-1.._)
. . . . : : : l ' U ' . 2 ~
-'
--
~
"
/'U.W.S
",
:------l-l
FaultsintheCascadeRange.ModocPlateau,andBasinandRangegeologicprovinces(Rgure
1)
displacevolcanicbedrock
of
Iale
Tertiary
and
Quaternary
age.
Manyofthesefaultshaveformedspectacularhigh.
steep
scarpsinvolcanicbedrock.
The
steepnessofthescarpisusuallyacluetowhetherafaulthasdisplacedthegroundsurfacein
Holocene
time.
Hoo.vever.
in
theresistantvolcanicrocksofnortheasternCalifornia.high.steepscarpsmayhavestood.resistingerosion.forseveraltens
or
ewn
hundredsofthousandsofyears.Thisinvestigationconcentrated
on
detailsofthefaultscarpsandgeologicdeposits
on
andadjacent
to
thefaults
to
determine
if
thefaultsareactive.Thehighestandsomeofthesharpest
fault
scarps
in
northeasternCaliforniaarealsothemosteasilyaccessible.TheHatCreek.McArthur.
and
manyotherrelatedfaults
are
crossed
by
StateHighways
44
and
299
and
theHatCreekfault
is
visiblefromHighway
89
forover
10
miles
in
theregionnorth
of
G
eologists
of
theDivision
of
Mines
andGeology'sFaullEvaluationProjecthaverecentlyevaluatedmanyofthefaultsinnortheasternCaliforniaforzoningundertheAlquist-PrioloSpecialStudiesZonesActof
1972.
ThisactrequirestheStale
Ge-
ologist
10
zone
for
specialstud-
iesthosefaultsthaiare"suffi-
cientlyactiveand
well
defined
as
toconstituteapotentialhaz-
ard
to
structuresfromsurface
faulting
or
faultcreep"(Hart.
1990).OfficialAlquist-Priolo
SpecialStudiesZones
maps
for
these
faults
will
be
issuedon
November
1.
1991.
CALIFORNIA
GEOlOGY
MARCH
1991
"

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