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Caliornia Geology Magazine Jan-Feb 1992

Caliornia Geology Magazine Jan-Feb 1992

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AP\.I8UCAT1ON
OF
ntE
DEPARTIIENT
Of
CONSERVATIONDMSION
Of'.-.ES
AND
GEOlOGY
CAUFORNIAGEOLOGY
...
-
.....
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PETE
Wll:.oN
.....
DOUGLASP
WHEELER
SIIct'e1ary
for
Rf1$OUrr;»$
EDWARD
G.
HEIDIG
D,rector
InThisIssue
I
MINERALEDUCATIONCONFERENCE2DETACHMENTFAULTS3TEACHERFEATURE18FAULTEDWAVE·CUTTERRACENEARPOINTARENA20OPEN·FILEREPORTRELEASES24PUBLICATIONSREOUESTFORM25SUBSCRIPTIONFORM26BOOKREVIEWS27
JAMESFDAIIIS
S ' a l . ~
CAliFORNIA
GEOLOGY
Aslisanl
TechnocaJEd
tor'
Assi5WII
EdllOt
G t ~ a n d O a o g . ,
Ccwer
photo:
Detachment
lauh:
Itllhe
Whipple
Mountains
<It
soulheaslem
Califomia
The
ftaI-¥ng
canr.ct
IIIt1edetactmelli
laull
wtuch
separates
the
recIdIsI'l-l:lr
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Iootw8I
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CA1llII122*1
JANUARY/FEBRUARY1992JVoh,flTle
45
NumbefI
CGECA
45
(l}l-28
(1992)
Mineral
Education
Conference
The
California
MlI)(!ral
EducationFoundation
will
host
its
second
Mineral
Education
Conferenceon
August
12-14.1992alCalifomiaStale
University.
Sacramento.Theconference
will
presentmineralsandmininginfonnation.
activities.
andworkshops
which
can
be
used
in
theclassroom.
The
program
INill
include
the
history
of
miningand
mining
techniques
in
Califomia.environmentalandredamation
issues.
geology.mineraluses.and
geo-political
and
socioeconomk.
issues.
The
refundableregistrationfee
of
$
10_00
inddes
atour
of
anactive
ITIIn
ing
operatIOn.
gold
panning
demonstrations.
and
a
barlJecue.
Registration
is
open
to
California
teachers
of
aD
grade
Ievets.
For
moreinfOllTlationcontact:
Barbara
Stewart
(209)
m-0658
0'
BrendaKress
Calilorrna
Minerai
EducatIOn
Foundabon
9647Folsom
Blvd.
&ollte
148
sacramento.
CA
95827
(916)362·9305
,
CAUFORNIAGEOLOGYJ.4.NUARY"FEBAUARY1992
 
Detachment
Faults
California's
Extended
Past
CYNTHIA
l.
PRIDMOAE,GeologistDivision
of
MinesandGeology
and
ERIC
G.
FROST.GeologistSanDiegoStaleUniversity
Photo
1.
Detachmentfaultexposed
In
thesouth-centralWhippleMountains.Theprominentrnlcrobl"ecclaledgealongthefaultseparatesthetiltedhangingwallrocksfromlhe
u n d e r l ~ m g
brecciatedandalteredmyloniticgneisses.
Photosby
CL
Pndmore
unlessotherwisenoted.
INTRODUCTION
DUring
mid-Tertiarytime.
the
earth's
crusl.
in
what
is
now
the
southwestern
United
States,
was
beingstretchedand
pulled
apart.
leaving
aprofoundimprint
onthe
rocks
in
thedesertareasof
Cali-
fornia.
Thisregionalextension
was
ac-
commodated
by
thewidespreaddevelop
ment
of
normal
faults.
Detachment
faults.newly
recognizedfeaturesof
this
exten
sion.
arenormal
faults
thatare
very
gen
tly
dipping
orsubhorizontaJ(coverphotoandPhoto
I).
Major
structuralfeatures
in
manymountainranges
in
thedesertregionsofCalifornia.
Nevada.
and
Ari-
zonaare
now
Identified
asdetachment
faults.
High-anglenormal
faults
have
beenrecognized
for
years
in
the
Basin
and
Range
provinceoftheSouthwest.
They
are
typically
therange-front
faults
lhat
have
given
theprovince
its
distinctive
geomorphiccharacter.Detachment
faults,
in
addition
to
high-anglenormal
faults.
are
now
known
to
pervade
theBasin
andRangeprovince.as
"''ell
asotherportionsofCalifornia
(Agure
l).
Becauseso
much
oftheinformationregardingdetachment
faults
hasbeengenerated
at
theresearch
level.
these
ideas
are
just
being
introduced
in
undergraduategeologycourses.
Simi-
larly.
the
economicimportanceofdetachment
faulting
and
crustal
extension
with
CALIFORNIAGEOLOGYJANUARYFEBRUARY1992
3

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