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Table Of Contents

A. THE FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
B. SOURCES: WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL LAW?
1. Treaties
2. Customary International Law
3. General Principles of Law
4. “Soft Law”
C. SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
1. Sovereignty
2. Cooperation
3. Common Concern of Humanity
4. Common Heritage of Mankind
1. State Responsibility
2. Strict Liability
A. THE BEGINNINGS TO THE STOCKHOLM CONFERENCE
B. FROM STOCKHOLM TO RIO
C. THE IMPACT OF THE RIO CONFERENCE
A. STATES AND STATE AUTHORITIES
B. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
1. Global Institutions
2. Regional Organizations
3. Subregional and Bilateral Organizations
4. International Financial Institutions
C. THE PRIVATE SECTOR
D. PUBLIC INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS
A. NEGOTIATIONS
B. STRUCTURE
C. COMMON PROVISIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MEAS
D. TREATY BODIES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
E. COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES
F. DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
1. Forum Selection
2. Choice of Law
A. SUBSTANTIVE PRINCIPLES
1. Prevention of Harm
2. Precaution
3. The “Polluter Pays” Principle
4. Sustainable Development
B. PRINCIPLES OF PROCESS
1. Duty to Know
2. Duty to Inform and Consult
3. Public Participation
C. EQUITABLE PRINCIPLES
1. Intergenerational Equity
2. Common but Differentiated Responsibilities
3. Equitable Utilization of Shared Resources
D. CONCLUSIONS
A. INTERNATIONALLY MANDATED DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES
1. Prior Assessment of Activities
a. EIA
b. Risk Assessment
c. Strategic Environmental Evaluation
2. Regulatory Measures
a. Standard-Setting
b. Restrictions and Prohibitions
c. Land Use Regulation
d. Licensing
3. Economic Measures
4. National Enforcement
a. Civil Liability
b. Penal Law
B. INTERSTATE MEASURES
1. Trade Restrictions
2. Prior Informed Consent Procedures
3. Aid and Financial Conditionality
A. FRESHWATERS
1. Overview
2. General Rules
B. ATMOSPHERE, STRATOSPHERE, AND CLIMATE
2. International Efforts to Control Air Pollution
a. Ozone Depletion
b. Climate Change
C. BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
1. The Convention on Biological Diversity
2. Other Biodiversity Treaties
3. Treaties Addressing Specific Threats to Biodiversity
4. Agreements Concerning Specific Species
D. MARINE ENVIRONMENT
1. Historical Evolution
a. Vessel Source Pollution
b. Exploration and Exploitation of the Seabed
c. Land-Based Pollution
d. Emergencies
E. HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND WASTES
1. Chemicals
2. Wastes
4. Biotechnology
A. REGIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
1. The European Union
a. The Treaty Framework
b. Institutions
c. Environmental Laws in the EU
i. Air Pollution
ii. Freshwaters
iii. Hazardous Substances and Activities
iv. Noise Pollution
2. Other Regional Economic Integration Efforts
B. HUMAN RIGHTS
C. TRADE AND INVESTMENT
1. GATT/WTO
2. NAFTA
D. MILITARY MATERIALS AND ACTIVITIES
1. Customary and Treaty Law of Armed Conflict
2. Claims for Environmental Damages in Armed Conflict
4. Environmental Security and Conflict Prevention
Conclusions
Index
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Guide to Environmental law

Guide to Environmental law

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Published by Jelena Babic

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Published by: Jelena Babic on Apr 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/23/2012

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