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Minna No Nihongo Basic Kanji Book

Minna No Nihongo Basic Kanji Book

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Published by: Jairo Abraham Vega Cerda on Apr 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/05/2013

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Lesson1
I
rti
I
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1
r-I
---~*0)'1~~
LecturesonKanji)
3t
fJ)
b
-r~
t~~*-
1-
(Kanjimadefrompictures-1-)
TheancientChinesedrewpicturesofvariousthingsaroundthem.Thesepictureshavegraduallybeensimplifiedandhavetakenonasquareshapetomakethemeasiertowrite.ThisishowthepresentKanjicharactersweremade.EachKanji,therefore,carriesaspecificmeaning.Lookatthefollowingpicture.
<,)/
-8--
/I"
GuessthemeaningsoftheKanjicharactersbelow.
1.
L1J
2.
J[f
3.
Hl
4.
*
5.
B
6.
JJ
7.
A
8.
0
9.
iff
10.
r~
 
Lesson1
TheseKanjicharactersweremadefromveryprimitivepicturesasfollows.UsuallyeachKanjihasatleasttwowaysofbeingread;theso-called'KUNYOMI'(Japanesereading)and'ONYOMI'(Chinesereading).Picture
-
Kanji'KUN''ON'Meaning
,J./
I
-6---8--
e-
./I'
B
[NICHI]sun
~-~-~-
~-*-
:K-
*
~-~-LL-
i-
(I-
)II-
}II
-m-EE-
~-}_-)_-A
day[GETSU]moonmonth[MOKU]tree[BOKU][SAN]mountain([SEN])
river
t:.
[DEN]ricefield
~-D-D-0
[JIN]man[NIN]person[KOU]mouth
of-'-'-
lJntD-
[fJ~-~~-
[SHA]car[MON]gate
*()
readingisrarelyused.WhenasingleKanjiisusedaloneasaword,weusuallyreaditbyits'KUNYOMI'(Japanesereading)whichgivesitsmeaning.WhenKanjiareusedtogetherwithotherKanjitomakeaword,weoftenreadthembytheir'ONYOMI'(Chinesereading).Generallyspeaking,however,thewayofreadingKanjishouldbedecidedaccordingtoeachindividualword.
 
Lesson1
2-1.
~*(J)
iJ')~iJ')
t;:.
(KanjiWritings)
<~
'I
A,
O)JI.t-JI.t
(BasicRules)
>
,1"-,1,,
1:MakeeveryKanjithesamesizeandputtheminasquare.
,1"-,1,,
2:Followthebasicstrokeorder.
(1)
Writefromlefttoright.
-
-
(2)
Writedownward.
I~
(3)
Drawstrokesfromthetoptothebottomasfollows.
=::!:1
~2
lr·
e:_
___.,3
(4)
Drawstrokesfromthelefttotherightinthefollowing
Hfl
rder.
(5)
Drawasquareinthefollowingway.
123
H
r1l
bJ
(6)Whenthereisafigureinthesquare,thelinewhichclosesthesquareisdrawnlast.
12
U
r1l
3
nn
.4
m
5
E8
---
.f.Whenastrokelinepassesthroughasquare,drawthatstrokelast.
1,
I12
11~
J.~
r»
.Je
~+-ro
t
I,
I=;!
t-tt
,1"-,1,,
3:Therearethreebasicwaystoendastroke.
®
Stretch
elf;',
®
Hook

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