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Current Trends in Negro Education and Shorter Papers

Current Trends in Negro Education and Shorter Papers

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Published by Kofi Black
Africa and the American Negro Press
Africa and the American Negro Press

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Published by: Kofi Black on Apr 11, 2011
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Journal of Negro Education
Africa and the American Negro PressAuthor(s): John Henrik ClarkeSource:
The Journal of Negro Education,
Vol. 30, No. 1 (Winter, 1961), pp. 64-68Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 10/04/2011 21:29
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CurrentTrendsinNegroEducationandShorterPapers
SectionA: Africaand theAmericanNegro Press
JoHN HENRIKCLARKE
U.S.CorrespondentonAfricanAffairs,WorldMutualExchange,InternationalNews FeaturesTHE
AMERICANNEGROPRESSHAS
BEENMORECONSISTENT
in itscover-ageofAfricannewsthananyothernewsmediaintheUnitedStates.Thiswouldindicatethatitscoveragehasbeenade-quate.Quitethecontrary.Whilethequantityofthis coveragecouldbeac-ceptedasadequate,thequalityleavesmuchtobedesired.Infact,theAmeri-canNegroPress,liketheAmericanPressingeneral,havemissedormishandledthe storyofemergentAfrica.I believetheemergenceof Africatobethegreatestnewseventinthe agein whichwelive.Inthehandlingof newsrelatingtoAfri-ca,thereseemstobea re-occurringmul-tiplicityoferrorsthat canbe tracedtooneerror-theinabilityor reluctanceofthepresentinterpretersof Africatorecog-nizeandunderstandAfrica'shistoricalpast.Contrarytoa stillprevailingcon-cept,theAfricansdidnot waitindark-nessforthe Europeansto bringthelight.Whatweare now witnessingisneitherthefirstnorthesecondemergenceofAfrica.Thisis anelementaryfact,yetthe"JohnnyCome Latelys"whohavelatelydiscoveredAfrica,donot seemtobe awareofit.Theawarenessof Africabythe menwhobuiltanddevelopedtheAmericanNegroPress,goesbacktothe hecticandheroicbeginningofNegrojournalisminthiscountry.Some ofthebackissuesoftheseoldpapersshowtheireditors'keenawarenessofAfricaanditsimportance.Inthepublication:DouglassMonthly,editedfortheAnti-SlaverySocietybyFrederickDouglass,the followingnewsitem appearedintheissueof January1862, underthe heading:The Futureof Africa.Miscellaneous:By Rev. AlexanderCrummell,B.A., of Liberia,West Africa.Theundersignedproposesto issuein twelvevolumesof about300 pages, orations,addresses,and otherpapers, mostlypreparedforNationalandMis-sionary occasions in Liberia, WestAfrica;and pertainingto NationalLife and Duty.The followingis a list of the ar-ticles:1.The EnglishLanguagein Liberia.2. The duty of a risingChristianStatetocontributeto theWorld'swell- beingand civilization.3. Address on laying the cornerstoneofSt.Mark'sHospital,Cape Pal-mas.4. Dutyand relationsof freecolored men,inAmericato Africa.5. Eulogiumon the life and char-acterof ThomasClarkson,Esq. 6.God and Nation-an anniversarySermon.7. The fitnessof the Gospel foritsownwork-aConvocationalSermon.8.The progressand Prospectsofthe Republicof Liberia.9.The progressof CivilizationalongtheWestCoastof Africa.10. TheNegroRace not underacurse-fromthe LondonChristianOb-serverofAugust,1853.Thisvolumewillbeprintedongoodwhitepaper,in cleartype, neatlybound,andat$1.00 per copy.64
 
CURRENTTRENDSANDEVENTS65Asit is publishedto help repairse-riouslossesby firein Africa,andtosecurethe educationofchildren,itwill not bepublisheduntil 400sub-scribersare obtained.The aid ofgenerousfriendsis re-quested,at an earlyday aspossibleasthe subscriberis anxioustoreturn,verysoon,to hisdutyin Africa.AlexanderCrommel,Missionery311 SpringStreetNewYork,N.Y.December12th,1861.AlexanderCrummell,founderof theAfricanAcademy,friendand contempo-raryof Dr. EdwinW.Blyden,thegreatWNestIndianscholarand benefactorofWestAfrica,wasoneofthefirstofourearlywritersto callattentionto Africathroughthe AmericanNegroPress.Hewas thedean oftheblackscholarlyandliterarygroup,intheclosingquarterofthe nineteenthcentury.The lifeof Dr.Crummelllaterfiredtheimaginationandredoubledthevigorof Dr.W. E.B.DuBois,whose sharp andpenetratingpenburneditsownpathinNationalandin-ternationalaffairs,fromthe earlyninetiesto thepresentday.DuBois,inspiredby AlexanderCrum-mell,madethesubjectof Africaa burn-ing issuein the AmericanNegroPress.In 1915,theHome UniversityLibrarybroughtout a smallbook"TheNegro,"inwhichDu Boisoutlinedtheprogramthatmustbe followedinordertodealproperlywiththewhole fieldof Africanlifeandhistory.CarterG. Woodsoncameforwardwithhisresearchesandpublicationswhichblossomedforthintothe widestpopulari-zationofthesubject.QuietlyAfricanscholarslikeJ.E. Moorland,ArthurA.Schomburg,J.A.RogersandWilliamL.Hansberyledthe fieldingatheringmaterial.AfterthefirstWorldWar,DuBoisagainacceleratedthe AmericanNegro'sinterestinAfricaby organizinga seriesofPan-AfricanCongresses.Ata timewhenthenewsabout theaspirationsofAfricansforself governmentwasbeingignoredthroughoutmostof theworld,theAmericanNegroPressgavefullcoverageto thissubject.In the pagesof thesenewspaperswelearnedof the activitiesof outstandingAfricanpersonalitiesstubbornlykeepingalivethe dreamof eventualindependenceforall Africannations.The South Africanwriter,Sol Plaatjeand the tradeunionist,ClementKadaliemadetoursof theUnitedStatesin 1927and1928.Now the storyofAfrica'sstruggleswas broughtdirectlyto us bytwoable Africans. Thisoccasionwentunnoticedby all, exceptthe AmericanNegroPress.Fromthe reportson thePan-AfricanCongresswe learnedof otherAfricansofcaliber. Dr. J. E.K.Aggreyhad livedin the United Statesfora numberofyears andreturnedto the GoldCoast(nowGhana). Thecareerof his fellowcountryman,the HonorableCaselyHay-fordhad been wellreportedintheAmer-icanNegroPress.Againfromthe Pan-AfricanCongressreportsthe names ofBlaise Diagne,ofFrenchWestAfrica,amemberoftheChamberofDeputies,PaulPandaoftheBelgianCongo andReneMaranof FrenchEquatorialAfrica,be-came identifiedwithAfrica'sawakening.The coverageofnewsrelatingtoAfricawasrevitalizedbytheAmericanNegroPress duringtheItalian-EthiopianWar.Inthereportingof thisconflicttheAmer-icanNegroPresswasfortunateinhavingat leasttworeporterswhohad beenwellschooledinAfricanHistoryinparticularandWorld Historyingeneral.In hisdispatchesfromEthiopia,J.A.Rogersgavean astuteanalysesto thePittsburghCourier,ofthewar, togetherwithacommentaryonthepoliticalintriguesinEuropethatledtothisconflict.Later,inasmallbook,"The RealFactsAboutEthiopia,"hedigestedhisreportsandproducedthemostrevealingdocumentofthe Italian-EthiopianWarthathas sofarappearedinprint.Dr.WillisN.Huggins,ahighschoolhistoryteacher,authorofa remarkable

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