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Knowledge Through Six

Knowledge Through Six

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Published by zaki77
Knowledge is only Attained through Six Things
Knowledge is only Attained through Six Things

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Published by: zaki77 on Apr 11, 2011
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Knowledge is only Attained through Six Things
Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson (may Allaah preserve him)
 
July 11, 2010
 
 إ ا ل  ا ن   
 
و دــــاو صو ءآذ نز لو ذا و
 
 
Knowledge is only Attained through Six Things
Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson (may Allaah preserve him)
 
July 11, 2010
 
Intelligence
 
Every student of knowledge begins as a memorizer. Allaah (
subhaanahu wa ta'aala
) only blesses some to moveonto the next stage of 
fahm
and
fiqh
. Not everyone who memorizes has understanding of what he memorized.And the distinction between someone who understands and memorizes has been made by the Messenger of Allaah (
salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam
) in his famous
khutbah
on
Yawmil Nahir 
on Hajj in his farewell pilgrimagecalled ‘His Farewell Address.'He told the people about how their blood and honor is sanctuary between the Muslims
1
and he asked them totestify - which month is this (they said it was the Month of 
Dhul Hijjaah
) and he switched to which day is this,which city is this...to show them the sanctuary of the blood and the honor and prophecy of the Muslims - oneto another..After that he said,'
Falyubaligh ash-hahid 
 
al-ghaith
,
faruba mubalaghin
 
au 'amin sai'in’ .
He said: Let the personwho is present here now convey it to the one who didn't hear it. The one who memorizes the words as theyare, without any understanding, is authorized by the Messenger of Allaah (
salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam
) toconvey what he had memorized. He says
faruba mubalaghin au 'amin sai'in
to show the emphasis for the ideathat a person who memorizes can indeed pass on knowledge. That a person
can
convey something to someonewho is more comprehensive in his understanding than the one who conveyed it.
3
 For example, you can write down a
hadeeth
and pass it unto someone who understands it better than you do.We often see this with our 
mashayakh
who do not have a specific text memorized, but a student comes havingthis text memorized and such student will say,
Shaykh
there's a
hadeeth
in
Mu'jim al-Awsat of Tabaraani 
(a sourcethat's not commonly memorized) and he'll say the wording is this, etc. The student will either have it writtenor have it recorded by heart and he would recite it to the
shaykh
, and the shaykh would hear the
hadeeth
again.So, the
shaykh
will give him the understanding into what the
hadeeth
is without having memorizedthe
hadeet 
1
h
).We see a modern day example of the ability of a student who does not understand the text to memorize andconvey it. But what did the Messenger of Allaah (
salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam
) say? That understanding is a signof Allaah wanting goodness for the student of knowledge.
'Man yureedulahu bihi khayraan yufaqihufideen' 
 (Whoever Allaah wants good for, He grants him (
fiqh
) of the religion). He did not say He grantshim
hifdh
(memorization) in the
deen
. So here's where the
fiqh
stands above the basic level of memorization.When you start memorizing and begin understanding Arabic text,
Usool 
or 
Isnaad 
and you can see where thescholars have spoken about the chains of transmissions of the text, you stand out above the one whomemorizes. This is where goodness lies - one can handle the issues of the
ummah
, and that is the one who canguide the people much more than the one who memorizes.
1
 
“O people: your lives and your property, until the very day you meet your Lord, are as inviolable to each other as the inviolability of thisday you are now in…”
2
“May Allaah give radiance to a slave who heard my speech, memorized it and delivered it to whoever did not hear it. Verily, there mightbe one who delivers information, even though he does not fully understand it himself. There might be one who delivers information to onewho understands it better than he does.”
3
“He said, Then let whomever is present tell whomever is absent.”
 
Knowledge is only Attained through Six Things
Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson (may Allaah preserve him)
 
July 11, 2010
 
Therefore the latter remains a simple conveyer of a simple piece of memorized information. Likewise, he isunable to defend it against criticism because he does not understand all of the meanings within it, so he can'twork with it. He cannot apply it with
qiyaas 
to other situations because his understanding of that text islimited. But the one with
fiqh
can take the text and apply it to other situations. He's able to see how it relates toother situations and how it can help in other issues which he did not memorize. So, his knowledge isconstantly being expanded.When this student has this gift of intelligence from Allaah (
subhaanahu wa ta'aala
), he has a choice to use it for good or for evil. People have been given by Allaah (
subhaanahu wa ta'aala
) serious levels of intelligence andsome people have chosen to use their power of their minds to discuss things in a theoretical way (
Ilm al Kalaam
). They begin to delve into rhetorical and
'fard al ihtimalaat' 
(what if this happens or what if thathappened). They basically begin to discuss issues in a way that doesn't address reality and does not work within known situations either. So, they begin to waste their intelligence on situations that don't happen. Theybegin to rationalize and they begin to fall into rhetoric, as mentioned previously, that leads them away fromapplying the texts of 
Sunnaah
to their lives - understanding them and getting a benefit from them.Similarly, some people follow their desires and use their intelligence to pass off innovations as
Sunnah
andthey defend innovations. You could also find a person of 
Mubtadi’ah
to be very intelligent. Just because youhave intelligence however does not mean you can be rightly guided.[...]Also, it's important to mention that some people give precedence to the one who is a
hafidh
. It might be saidabout someone that he memorized 70, 000
hadeeth
or he's memorized a 100, 000
hadeeth
. His claim toscholarship is a large amount of memorized information. But, no one from the scholars will endorse hisknowledge as they can't recognize his level of understanding. Thus it's simply just memorization and in thatway, the likes of this person is not to be given precedence over people who have understanding. Even if thelatter’s memorization doesn’t match the former’s memorization. True knowledge in its application,implementation and the use of it to solve the problems of the whole world isn’t limited to a memorization of atext. It goes beyond that. It goes to applying that text; it goes to real life situations. So again we do not givenprecedence to lots of memorization over understanding in the religion.Ash-Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymi (
haafidahullaahu ta’aala
) used to recite these two lines of poetry to his studentsand one time he gave a short explanation for those lines of poetry.“Intelligence is something Allaah (
subhanaahu wa ta’aala
) gives to many people. However, some people use itto aid ignorance or evil, or to promote filthy ideas of falsehood. If a person uses that intelligence for beneficialknowledge, paired with righteous actions, then it will benefit him. And if he uses it for other than that, then itwill only be a proof against him.”

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