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Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy

Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy

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Published by Shak Gohir
Report on the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Hydrogen Production, Storage, and Use
Report on the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Hydrogen Production, Storage, and Use

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Shak Gohir on Apr 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Cover Image:The cover shows the crystal structure of the alanate NaAlH4,a new class of hydrogen storage material. Al atoms are red, Naatoms are green, and H atoms are blue. In this class of materials, hydrogen “encapsulates” Al to form a hydrogen-richanion, AlH4-, whose structure resembles that of methane, CH4.The alanate structure differs from that of the metal hydrides likeMgH2, where hydrogen is encapsulated by metal ions, and thehydrogen density is correspondingly lower. In the cover image,the diameter of the hydrogen atoms is enlarged to reflect thevery high scattering cross section of neutrons for hydrogen anddeuterium. This high sensitivity makes neutron scatteringa natural tool for probing the interaction of hydrogen withmaterials. (In the report, see the sidebar, Using Neutrons to“See” Hydrogen, on page 38).Report prepared by Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Laboratory operated by The University of Chicago under contract W-31-109-Eng-38.
Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy
Report on the Basic Energy Sciences WorkshoponHydrogen Production, Storage, and Use
Chair: Mildred Dresselhaus, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyAssociate Chairs: George Crabtree, Argonne National LaboratoryMichelle Buchanan, Oak Ridge National LaboratoryPanel Chairs: Production Tom Mallouk, Pennsylvania State UniversityLaurie Mets, The University of ChicagoStorage Kathy Taylor, General Motors (retired)Puru Jena, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityFuel Cells Frank DiSalvo, Cornell UniversityTom Zawodzinski, Case Western Reserve UniversityOffice of Basic Energy Sciences Contact:Harriet Kung, Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of EnergySpecial AssistanceTechnical: Ian S. Anderson, Oak Ridge National LaboratoryPhil Britt, Oak Ridge National LaboratoryLarry Curtiss, Argonne National LaboratoryJay Keller, Sandia National LaboratoryRomesh Kumar, Argonne National LaboratoryWai Kwok, Argonne National LaboratoryJohn Taylor, Argonne National LaboratoryAdministrative: Janice Allgood, Oak Ridge National LaboratoryBrenda Campbell, Oak Ridge National LaboratoryKaren Talamini, Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of EnergyThis report is available on the web at http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/hydrogen.pdf.

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