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The Camps Outline

The Camps Outline

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Published by LaneyCalvin

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: LaneyCalvin on Apr 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/08/2013

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Laney CalvinMr. Neuburger Eng-102-1046 April 2011OutlineThe Death CampsI.Auschwitz-BirkenauA.Construction on Auschwitz-Birkenau began in October, 1941 and was completed inMarch, 1942.B.There were eventually three camps at Auschwitz.1. Auschwitz I held the commandant's office and living quarters, theadministration building, kitchen, infirmary, the main guard station, one gaschamber and crematorium, the Gestapo camp, medical experiments center andgallows.i. The execution area was located in the southwest corner of the camp andwas used for carrying out the sentences by lining the prisoners against thewall and shooting them. Their bodies were placed in gravel pits in andaround the main camp.3. Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, was located 1.5 miles from the original camp;themain goal of the camp was the extermination and elimination of all the prisoners.4. Auschwitz III, consisted of a small area that contained the sub camp and the"buna." The main function of this sector was the production of synthetic fuel and
 
rubber and later was utilized for holding prisoners because of the expansion of thecamp.C.Auschwitz-Birkenau had a dual function: a concentration camp where inmates wereused as forced labor and an extermination center.D.Became the largest killing center.E.It is estimated that between 1 and 2 million were killed.II. ChelmnoA. First camp to begin its operation as a death camp in 1941.B. Jews transported to Chelmno were forced, or lured, into vans, the doors were closedand latched and the motors were started.i. A hose carried the carbon monoxide fumes into the van. It usually required 10or 15 minutes to murder all who were in the van.ii. The driver then drove the bodies to the pre-dug graves in the forest whereJewish workers unloaded the bodies into the graves. The van then returned to thecamp and the operation was repeated.C.Estimates of the number of people killed at Chelmno vary from 170,000 to 360,000men, women and children, virtually all Jews.III. BelzecA. Established in May 1942.B. Divided into two sections.1. Camp I- in the northwest, was the reception and administrative sector; includedthe railroad ramp, which had room for twenty freight cars, and two huts for thearrivals (one for undressing and the other for storing clothes and baggage).
 
2. Camp II, in the eastern section, was the extermination sector; included the gaschambers and the mass graves which were located in the eastern and northeasternpart.i. The gas chambers were surrounded by trees and a camouflage net wasspread over their roof to prevent observation from the air.ii. There were also two huts in this sector for the Jewish prisoners workinghere: one served as their living quarters, the other as the kitchen.iii. Camp II was completely separated from the other sector by a strictlyguarded gate.C. Extermination ceased in late 1942 and early the next year the bodies were exhumedand cremated and the camp was closed.D. It is estimated that more than 600,000 persons died at Belzec, including two thousandnon-Jews.IV. TreblinkaA.The extermination camp Treblinka was working from July 1942 to November 1943.B.The size and master plan of Treblinka were identical to those of Sobibor.1. The extermination sector was located in the southwest, totally separated fromthe rest of the camp by barbed wire.The gas chambers were housed in a massivebrick building in the center.2. The other parts of the camp were similar to that of Sobibir and Belzec.C.The main extermination installations were completed by mid-June 1942. The murder operations began on July 23, 1942D.In August 1943 an uprising destroyed many of the facilities

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