Look at the FAQs (i–vi) without reading the whole text. In pairs, try to answeras many of the questions as you can.
Read the whole text and answer these questions.
What does PAN stand for?
What is a network protocol?
How do you log on to an Internet Service Provider?
WiMAX is a type of wireless network. What is it used for?
What equipment do you need to set up a wireless LAN?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of wireless networks?
i How many types of network are there?
Networks are classiﬁed according to different criteria:
etworks) typically include a laptop, a mobilephone and a PDA;
cover a building;
etworks) cover a campus or acity;
etworks) cover a countryor a continent.
: In a
network, acomputer acts as a server and stores and distributesinformation to the other nodes, or
. In a
network, all the computers have the samecapabilities – that is, share ﬁles and peripheralswithout requiring a separate server computer.
, or layout: In a
network, all thecomputers are connected to a main cable, or bus.In a
network, all data ﬂows through a centralhub, a common connection point for the devicesin the network. In a
network, all devices areconnected to one another in a continuous loop, orring.
: This is the language, or set of rules, that computers use to communicate with eachother. Networks use different protocols. For instance,the Internet uses TCP/IP.
ii How do I install a wired modem router?
is a device that connects yourcomputer or home LAN to the Internet.
Plug one end of the phone cord directly into aphone jack, and the other end into the ADSL porton the router.
Plug one end of the Ethernet cable into yourcomputer’s network port and the other end into anEthernet port on the router.
Turn on your computer. To set up, or conﬁgure, therouter, you’ll need to input some parameters, forexample your ISP’s name and phone number.
A router has various Ethernet ports, so you canconnect various PCs to the router via Ethernet cables.If you already have a hub or switch connecting a LAN,you only need one cable to connect the hub to therouter.
iii How do I log on to the Internet ServiceProvider?
You need to type in your username and password.Once you are online, you can get email, look for information on the Web, look up IT words indictionaries, try out new software, and sign up forRSS feeds, newsletters, etc. It is important that youremember to log off after using the Internet. An openline increases the risk of viruses, and hackers mightbreak into your computer to steal conﬁdential data.
iv What is wireless networking?
Wired networks are linked by Ethernet cables, phonelines and high-speed ﬁbre optic cables. Wirelessnetworks, however, use electromagnetic waves, such asradio waves, to transmit data. These are the main typesof wireless networks:
– for long distances
– for connecting Wi-Fi hotspots
– for medium-range distances
– for short distances
– for mobile phones
v What do I need to set up a home wirelessLAN?
You’ll need computers equipped with a wirelessadapter or wireless card, a wireless access point (awireless router) and a broadband internet connection.
vi Which is better, a wired or wireless LAN?
Wired LANs are more difﬁcult to install, but they arecheaper, faster and more reliable. Wireless networks letyou move, or roam, from one access point to another,but they are less secure and subject to interference.