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The G8: Global arms exporters: Failing to prevent irresponsible arms transfers

The G8: Global arms exporters: Failing to prevent irresponsible arms transfers

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Published by Oxfam
The international arms trade lacks effective control. Irresponsible arms transfers continue to fuel armed violence. They contribute to violations of human rights and international humanitarian law and they undermine development. The uncontrolled proliferation of conventional arms, particularly small arms and light weapons (hereafter referred to as small arms), has taken a terrible toll on communities worldwide. The cost in lost lives, lost livelihoods and lost opportunities to escape poverty is incalculable.
The international arms trade lacks effective control. Irresponsible arms transfers continue to fuel armed violence. They contribute to violations of human rights and international humanitarian law and they undermine development. The uncontrolled proliferation of conventional arms, particularly small arms and light weapons (hereafter referred to as small arms), has taken a terrible toll on communities worldwide. The cost in lost lives, lost livelihoods and lost opportunities to escape poverty is incalculable.

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Published by: Oxfam on Apr 12, 2011
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02/08/2013

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EMBARGOED UNTIL 00:01 HRS GMT22 WEDNESDAY JUNE 2005
The G8: globalarms exporters
Failing to preventirresponsible armstransfers
 
 
The G8 global arms exporters 
, Control Arms Briefing Paper, June 20052
Contents
Introduction............................................................................................3
 
Canada...................................................................................................6
 
France ....................................................................................................9
 
Germany...............................................................................................12
 
Italy......................................................................................................15
 
Japan...................................................................................................17
 
The Russian Federation.......................................................................21
 
The United Kingdom.............................................................................23
 
The United States of America...............................................................27
 
Conclusion...........................................................................................31
 
Appendix: Global principles for arms transfers...................................34
 
Notes....................................................................................................37
 
 
 
The G8 global arms exporters 
, Control Arms Briefing Paper, June 2005
 
3
Introduction
The international arms trade lacks effective control. Irresponsiblearms transfers continue to fuel armed violence. They contribute toviolations of human rights and international humanitarian law andthey undermine development. The uncontrolled proliferation ofconventional arms, particularly small arms and light weapons
1
 (hereafter referred to as small arms), has taken a terrible toll oncommunities worldwide. The cost in lost lives, lost livelihoods andlost opportunities to escape poverty is incalculable. Arms deliverieswere worth some US$28.7 billion
2
worldwide in 2003 – a paltry sumcompared to the human, security and development costs.
 
Yet, contrary to their responsibilities and legal obligations, the G8countries - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the RussianFederation, the UK and the USA - are still supplying weapons andmunitions to irresponsible end users. Six of the eight G8 countries areamong the top 10 largest global arms exporters, and all of the eightexport large amounts of major conventional weapons or small arms.So the G8 has a particular responsibility to help create an effectivesystem of global control of arms transfers.
As these tables show, the G8 countries are among the world’sleading arms suppliers, exporters of major conventional weapons,and exporters of small arms.
This table shows the leading arms suppliers compared and the value ofall arms deliveries to the world (in millions of current US dollars)
3
 between 1996 and 2003.
Country 
USA UK France
 
Russia
 
Germany
 
Italy Canada Japan
Ranking 
1 2 3 4 5 10
Arms deliveries worldwide between 1996 and 2003 in millions of current US dollars 
151,867 43,000 30,200 26,200 10,800 2,700No ranking or valuefor arms deliveriesis provided by theCongressionalResearch ServiceReport for Canadaand Japan
This table provides an indication of the volume of major conventionalweapons supplies by the G8 countries in 2003 according to SIPRI.
 
Country 
Russia USA France
 
Germany
 
Canada UK Italy Japan
Major conventional weapons export, by volume, in 2003 in US$ million.
6,980 4,385 1,753 1,549 556 525 277 No data isprovided bySIPRI forJapanPlease note that the SIPRI values are an indicator of the volume of international armstransfers and not the actual money values of such transfers. These figures can notbe compared with others.

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