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Women and Men Hand in Hand Against Violence: Strategies and approaches of working with men and boys for ending violence against women

Women and Men Hand in Hand Against Violence: Strategies and approaches of working with men and boys for ending violence against women

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Published by Oxfam
Ending violence against women (VAW) requires the collaboration of all community members. There is a growing awareness that men, in partnership with women, can play a significant role in ending violence against women.

This training resource was developed for use in Arab countries in order to teach the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to promote gender equality and to prevent violence against women through the effective engagement of men. It explores the concepts surrounding VAW, what factors are involved, and the consequences. It presents case studies, tips, and lessons learned, drawn from different experiences and from programmes that work with men as partners in VAW prevention.

The primary audience for this document will be community workers and practitioners working in the Middle East and Northern Africa Region who are involved in working to prevent violence against women, particularly through the engagement of men.
Ending violence against women (VAW) requires the collaboration of all community members. There is a growing awareness that men, in partnership with women, can play a significant role in ending violence against women.

This training resource was developed for use in Arab countries in order to teach the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to promote gender equality and to prevent violence against women through the effective engagement of men. It explores the concepts surrounding VAW, what factors are involved, and the consequences. It presents case studies, tips, and lessons learned, drawn from different experiences and from programmes that work with men as partners in VAW prevention.

The primary audience for this document will be community workers and practitioners working in the Middle East and Northern Africa Region who are involved in working to prevent violence against women, particularly through the engagement of men.

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Published by: Oxfam on Apr 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Women and Men: Hand in Hand againstViolence
Strategies and approaches to working with men and boys for ending violence against women
 
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ContentsIntroduction ..................................................................................................3
 
Why this manual?
...................................................................................................... 4
Who can use this manual?
..................................................................................... 4
How was the manual developed?
......................................................................... 5How to use this manual............................................................................................... 6
Features of the unit instructions
............................................................................ 7During implementation............................................................................................... 9Handling difficult situations ..................................................................................... 10
Unit 1. Why involve men in the prevention of violence against women?..12
 
Unit 2. The prevention of violence against women: keywords and concepts.....................................................................................................................29
 Physical violence ...................................................................................................... 38Emotional and psychological violence..................................................................... 38Sexual violence......................................................................................................... 39Harmful traditional practices .................................................................................... 40Socio-economic violence.......................................................................................... 40
Unit 3. Understanding violence against women.........................................44
 
Unit 4. Sex, gender, and masculinities.......................................................58
 
Unit 5. Men, masculinity, and violence......................................................71
 
Unit 6. Deciphering violence......................................................................80
 
Unit 7. What men can do (I).......................................................................90
 
Unit 8. What men can do (II) .....................................................................99
 
Unit 9. What men can do (III)..................................................................120
 What you need............................................................................................................ 121
Unit 10. Building partnerships.................................................................153
 
SAMPLE CERTIFICATE
............................................................................ 164
Sample workshop assessment form..........................................................165
 
 
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Introduction
Violence against women
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(VAW) hinders the realization of a wide range of developmentgoals, from the elimination of poverty to the fulfillment of human rights. In Arabcountries, many forms of VAW exist and are perpetuated by the deep-rooted socio-cultural factors.Ending VAW requires the collaboration of all community members. There is a growingawareness that men, in partnership with women, can play a significant role in endingVAW. This has led to an increase in programmes and activities that focus on men’s rolesin prevention.Men must be key players in the evolution of the global gender equality movement. Askey decision-makers at the global, regional, national, community, family, and individuallevels, they hold the key to ensuring gender equality and the elimination of all forms of discrimination, includingVAW. Male support for gender equality has increasingly beenrecognized as a critical area, especially since the 1994 Population and DevelopmentConference in Cairo, Egypt. Involving males in their roles as siblings, partners, fathers,leaders, and decision-makers at different levels in the movement towards gender equalityis a critical strategy.Around the world, a growing number of organizations have been mainstreaming genderequality in their work and engaging men in VAW prevention efforts. A small number of organizations in the Arab region have adopted this approach, and some haveimplemented effective and ‘creative’ types of interventions.This training resource was developed for use in Arab countries in order to teach theknowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to promote gender equality and to preventVAW through the effective engagement of men. It explores the concepts surroundingVAW,what factors are involved, and the consequences of VAW. It presents case studies, tips,and lessons learned, drawn from different experiences and from programmes that work with men as partners inVAWprevention. As these programmes become more popular,and as more men take leadership roles on this issue, we are hopeful that the highprevelance of VAWwill be significantly reduced and that all human relationships willcome closer to embodying ideals of respect, mutual empowerment, growth, anddevelopment.
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The terms “violence against women” and “gender-based violence” are both used in the following unitsand both stem from the following definition as provided by Article 1 of the UN Declaration on theElimination of Violence against Women (DEVW), which defines the term “violence against women” as:“Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual orpsychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrarydeprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. (Unesco 1999 p.53)”

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