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Evaluation of Humanitarian Protection and Direct Humanitarian Support Programme in Central Mindanao, Philippines

Evaluation of Humanitarian Protection and Direct Humanitarian Support Programme in Central Mindanao, Philippines

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Published by Oxfam
Oxfam received a series of grants from the European Commission Humanitarian Organization (ECHO) in 2000, 2003 and 2004 to respond to the humanitarian needs of conflict-affected communities in Central Mindanao. In 2005, ECHO provided a new grant covering seven months to continue and consolidate the project gains, and simultaneously facilitate exit from programme areas. Projects addressed the needs of 17 communities affected by conflict, in the municipalities of Pikit, Pagalungan and General Salipada K. Pendatun (GSKP). They took an integrated approach, combining livelihoods, public health and decision-making in order to address the needs of IDP communities and improve their overall well-being, and worked through direct service delivery, capacity building of community actors and formal authorities, and supporting institutions to promote civilian rights. This report represents a final external evaluation to interrogate the final impact resulting from the projects. The evaluation sought to: assess the effectiveness and timeliness of programme interventions; highlight intended and unintended results; identify strengths and weaknesses of Oxfam’s ways of working; analyse the perceptions of the community and local authorities about the role of the EC in promoting dialogue, peace and development; and identify lessons learned in order to develop recommendations for the next phase of Oxfam’s work in Central Mindanao.
Oxfam received a series of grants from the European Commission Humanitarian Organization (ECHO) in 2000, 2003 and 2004 to respond to the humanitarian needs of conflict-affected communities in Central Mindanao. In 2005, ECHO provided a new grant covering seven months to continue and consolidate the project gains, and simultaneously facilitate exit from programme areas. Projects addressed the needs of 17 communities affected by conflict, in the municipalities of Pikit, Pagalungan and General Salipada K. Pendatun (GSKP). They took an integrated approach, combining livelihoods, public health and decision-making in order to address the needs of IDP communities and improve their overall well-being, and worked through direct service delivery, capacity building of community actors and formal authorities, and supporting institutions to promote civilian rights. This report represents a final external evaluation to interrogate the final impact resulting from the projects. The evaluation sought to: assess the effectiveness and timeliness of programme interventions; highlight intended and unintended results; identify strengths and weaknesses of Oxfam’s ways of working; analyse the perceptions of the community and local authorities about the role of the EC in promoting dialogue, peace and development; and identify lessons learned in order to develop recommendations for the next phase of Oxfam’s work in Central Mindanao.

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Published by: Oxfam on Apr 12, 2011
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Evaluation of Humanitarian Protectionand Direct Humanitarian SupportProgramme in Central Mindanao,Philippines
Full ReportOxfam GB Programme EvaluationSeptember 2006Commissioned by: Oxfam GBEvaluators: Lenore Polotan-dela Cruz, Elmer M.Ferrer, Zarina Hipolito
 
FINAL REPORTExternal EvaluationOxfam Humanitarian Protection Programme in Central Mindanao
2
 
Executive Summary
Oxfams Humanitarian Protection Programme in Central Mindanao is a highly relevantand appropriate programme that addressed the needs of 17 conflict affectedcommunities in the municipalities of Pikit, Pagalungan and General Salipada K.Pendatun (GSKP) through a combination of direct service delivery, capacity building ofcommunity acters and formal authorities and the creation of a favorable environmentwithin formal and informal institutions for the promotion and protection of civilian rightsand entitlements. The strengths of the programme are primarily anchored on thefollowing: good and accurate needs assessment and targeting of beneficiaries,employing a participatory approach that has built ownership of the programme andengendered participation and partnership at the community and local governmentlevel, timely delivery of services, commitment to building partnerships and high level ofstaff competencies.It is a great achievement that impact is already being felt in many communitiessupported by the programme. Without doubt, the programme’s integrated approachof combining livelihoods, public health and direct action towards free and informeddecision-making was able to significantly address the needs of the IDP communitiesthereby contributing to an improvement in their over-all well-being. However, it is theview of the Evaluation Team that the scale and durability of such impacts could beincreased by addressing the following concerns:
 
Synergy of projects
The greatest impact could be felt in GSKP and Pikit wherethere has been an integrated approach to delivering the programme’s objectives.In contrast, the limited or lack of sustained livelihood interventions in Pagalungancould be seen to jeopardise the gains made in FID in these communities.
 
Significance and reach of impacts
– small-scale livelihood projects, especially thosefocused on supplementary income generation appear in some cases to beproducing very small increases in income. The net effect of these gains may beoffset by increases in the cost of living currently being experienced in the region. Itmay be possible to expand the scope and reach a larger percentage of targetpopulation if future livelihood interventions focus on fundamental issues of access toand sustainable management of natural resources, rather than on a wide range ofsmall-scale income generating projects. The promotion of sustainable fishingpractices intimately linked to fisheries resources management currently being donein Panusolen is perhaps a good model to pursue. There may also be a need tomaximise the creation of added value to products and access higher valuemarkets. Ideally too, these projects should be linked to existing resources andknowledge found in the community.
 
FINAL REPORTExternal EvaluationOxfam Humanitarian Protection Programme in Central Mindanao
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Gender Mainstreaming – 
There are already building blocks from the ground levelprogramme experience in livelihood and public health from which to develop amore solid understanding and framework for gender mainstreaming and womenempowerment. While it is true that ordinary women are increasingly gettinginvolved in the economic sphere and the management of community care system,they still have to contend with various cultural and religious beliefs and values thatpromote deeply embedded gender-based power asymmetries and discrimination.It is therefore important that any humanitarian and development programmecontinue with raising awareness among women of their rights and agency and inchanging male attitude toward women. This could be done more effectively bymainstreaming women’s rights into IDP rights education and infusing these withcultural and religious elements that promote gender equality.
 
 
Scaling up impacts through sustained Advocacy
The programme hasdemonstrated the benefits of working closely with local government units (LGUs) inthe implementation of the projects. Here, the benefits have included legislation ofordinances, access to financial, material, and human resources, and support for thesmooth implementation of the project support. It is evident that the logical nextmove is to link the gains at the community-level to change policies at the macro-level that drive poverty and conflict in Central Mindanao. In the same vein, Oxfamneeds to improve engagement with provincial level government bodies.
 
Investing in Sustainability
- All the communities visited by the Evaluation Team wereunanimous in saying that it is premature for Oxfam to phase out its programme andthat they still needed continued support from Oxfam and their local NGO partners.This seems reasonable especially because most of the rehabilitation efforts havetaken place only in the last two years. Community beneficiaries have expressed theneed to acquire more technical and management skills to scale up existinglivelihood projects as well as to develop creative and effective negotiating skills vis-à-vis duty bearers and formal authorities. Two years is certainly not enough toensure economic resilience and achieve sustainable livelihoods, especially in thecontext of a fragile economic based coupled with recurrent political instability.Oxfam therefore needs to seriously consider investing more strategically in thesecommunities if it is serious about the sustainability and institutionalization of itshumanitarian and development actions.

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