Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
12Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Women and Urban Settlement

Women and Urban Settlement

Ratings: (0)|Views: 195|Likes:
Published by Oxfam
The rapid expansion of towns and cities throughout the world in recent years has created huge problems, as governments have been unable to provide adequate housing and services for the growing urban population. This book in the Focus on Gender series looks at various aspects of urban life from a gender perspective. Contributors include Jo Beall, Delia Davin, Carole Rakodi, and Seteney Shami, and articles cover issues such as gender-sensitive urban planning; work-migration; community urban regeneration schemes, both government and NGO; health care for poor urban women; and the dislocation and loss of home experienced by refugees.
The rapid expansion of towns and cities throughout the world in recent years has created huge problems, as governments have been unable to provide adequate housing and services for the growing urban population. This book in the Focus on Gender series looks at various aspects of urban life from a gender perspective. Contributors include Jo Beall, Delia Davin, Carole Rakodi, and Seteney Shami, and articles cover issues such as gender-sensitive urban planning; work-migration; community urban regeneration schemes, both government and NGO; health care for poor urban women; and the dislocation and loss of home experienced by refugees.

More info:

Published by: Oxfam on Apr 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/28/2013

 
57
Women in the city of man:
recent contributions to the gender andhuman settlements debate
Carole Rakodi
Shelter, Women and
Development:
First and Third World Perspectives,
H
Dandekar (ed), AnnArbor, Michigan: George Wahr Publishing Co, 1993.
Women
and
Planning:
Creating Gendered
Realities,
C
H
Greed, London: Routledge, 1994.
Gender,
Planning
and the
Policy
Process,
J Little, Oxford: Pergamon, 1993.
Gender,
Urbanisation
and
Environment:
A
Research
and
Policy
Agenda,
D Lee-Smith (compiler)Mazingira Institute, PO Box 14550, Nairobi, 1994.
Poverty
in
the 1990s: The
Responses
of
Urban
Women,
F
Meer (ed), UNESCO/InternationalSocial Science Council, Paris, 1994.'Issue paper: Women, gender and urban development policy',
C
Moser,
in
OECD,
Womenin
the
city,
OECD:Paris, 1995.OECD (Organisation
for
Economic Co-operation and Development),
Women
in
the City:Housing,
Services
and
Urban
Environment,
OECD, Paris, 1995.
'Cities
and
People: towards
a
gender-aware urban planning process?'
in
Public
Administration and
Development
11,
p541-559.
I
n this volume,
we
have seen
how
identity
of
men and women influence thehuman settlements are the product
of
way
in
which the urban environment
is
economic, social, and political processes, experienced
by
members
of
each
sex.
of which the built environment is only one Elsewhere,
I
have argued that much urbanmanifestation.
It is
essential, therefore,
to
planning activity has been
-
and continuesunderstand how different forms
of
work
to be -
gender-blind;
in
order
to
redressare performed
by
women and men,
and
this deficiency,
I
have urged greaterhow gender roles
and
relations
are
understanding
of
women's economic andexpressed through social
and
political social roles in urban society, their exclusioninstitutions, from
the
state
to the
from economic opportunities and decision-household, if we are to understand the way making processes, and the discriminatoryin which the experience
of
urban living
is
nature of much legislation (Rakodi, 1991).conditioned by gender. These themes crop
up
over and overAdministration, policy, and planning again
in
recent additions
to
the literaturemay have
a
weak
or
strong hold over the
on
gender and urban development,
as
processes
of
urban economic, social and researchers attempt to raise awareness andphysical development.
In all
situations, influence policy. Many
of
these contribu-however, assumptions about the role and tions
are
scattered widely through
a
Gender and Development Vol 4, No.
1,
February 1996
 
58
Gender and Development
diverse selection of edited books andjournals; many others, especially thoseproduced by local researchers, never reachthe mainstream academic publishingoutlets. In concentrating in this reviewessay on recent publications on women andhuman settlements, we find that most arethe result of international conferences.Given the increasingly widespread butscattered nature of gender research relatedto towns and cities, these collationsperform a vital function in assemblingknowledge and experience in order to'mainstream' gender issues and translatethese into urban policy and practice(Moser, 1995).
Women in the City
is a report of anOECD conference heldin 1994 (OECD,
1995).
The conference brought togethernational delegations and others, includingacademics and representatives of NGOs,from 27 countries, and a number ofinternational organisations. The reportincorporates summaries of, and excerptsfrom, official contributions and issuepapers, welded into a coherent volumefocusing on the conference themes ofwomen in the city, urban policies and theurban process, creating environments fit tolive in, and developing urban serviceswhich are responsive to diverse needs.Drawing on examples from a widerange of countries in both the north andsouth, the report explores the genderdimensions of urban change, and the waysin which these intersect with broader issuesof social diversity in cities are explored.'Women's participation is considered, andthe development of a gender perspective inthe political area, the policy process, andplanning practice is urged. In order that theknowledge and expertise of women andmen organised at the community levelaretapped, and their concerns responded
to,
the report calls for the development ofboth vertical linkages between differentlevels of policy making and administration,and horizontal linkages between actorsinvolved in urban development.The living environment within acommunity setting, including housing andservices, is experienced differently by menand women, with the result that badlydesigned housing and poor conditions tendto have an even more adverse impact onwomen, who may spend more time in thehome and its immediate environs. Thereport also notes that the way in which ageand gender identity cross-cut each othercan have profound effects on how urbanlife is experienced: elderly women are oftena particularly disadvantaged group.These concerns are taken up in anotherwell-edited product of an internationalconference, this time held at the Universityof Michigan in 1992 (Dandekar (ed) 1993).In an impressive volume of over
400
pages,50 papers are reproduced, organised undernine
themes:
shelter policy, law, shelter andwomen in crisis, women's participation inthe production of shelter, shelter andincome opportunities, women and shelter-related services and infrastructure, non-traditional living arrangements, design,and the needs of elderly women.The contributions, which came from allover the world, are a mine of informationon women and shelter. They, as in theOECD volume, reveal many commonalitiesin women's experience, while recognisingeconomic, cultural, and social differences.While women in any country may bedeprived of adequate housing, this issueshould not be addressed merely in welfareterms because housing, it is stressed, is alsoa potential source of empowerment. As yet,little impetus towards more gender-awareshelter policy is detected, and the slowprocess is attributed to the pervasiveinfluence of patriarchal traditions, and theportrayal of the nuclear family as an ideal.The different ways in which men andwomen experience the city should be takeninto account in planning for services,economic development, and the builtenvironment, not only for reasons of equitybut also in the interests of effective urbandevelopment. Access to social facilities and

Activity (12)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
A.k. Mishra liked this
tamhieu liked this
Saboha Mo liked this
Maroo Goli liked this
ziyaz119420 liked this
ymykenya liked this
ziyaz119420 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd