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Table Of Contents

Content of Workshop
Outline of Workshop
Radio Waves
They¶re Everywhere
Some Other (not-so-obvious)
Examples
Simple, Cheap Radio
Simple, Cheap Radio (Cont¶d)
How Simple Transmitters Work
Result of Simple Transmitter
Simple Receiver
Creating Simple Transmitters
Sine Wave: Better than Square
Wave
Sine Waves
Sine Waves: Frequency
More on Sine Waves
More on Frequency
Kilo, Mega, Giga, etc
More on Radio Basics
Transmitter Description
Receiver Description
Modulation
3 Basic Modulation Methods
Example of AM
Frequency of Signal after
Summary of Modulation
AM Modulation Example
How do we receive AM
signals?
What about FM?
More on Antennas
Antennas (Cont¶d)
Determining Antenna Size
Some Questions
Answer
Radio Frequencies
Radio Frequencies (Cont¶d)
FCC and Frequency Bands
Spectrum Licenses for Cellular
Common Frequency Bands
Another Important Frequency
Band
Duplexing
Analog versus Digital
Analog versus Digital (Cont¶d)
Quantization
More on Digital Signals
Digits
Bits
More on Bits
Bytes
How is a Quantized Digital
Signal converted into Bits?
How do we transmit binary
signals using radio waves?
BPSK
An Example of BPSK
Worst Case Example of 2
Another aspect of multipaths
Impact of Multipaths
Fading
Problem with Distortion
Fading (Cont¶d)
Fading Challenges
One Solution: Multiple
Antennas
Multiple Antennas (Cont¶d)
Multiple Antennas on Cell
Towers
Another Solution: Adaptive
Antenna Array
Adaptive Antenna Array
(Cont¶d)
Cellular Tower Example
Other Fading
Countermeasures
Limited Radio Spectrum
Frequency Reuse
Methods to Reduce Multiple
Access Interference
Techniques
Summary
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Published by: tariqw on Apr 12, 2011
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