Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient’s Catalog No.4. Title and Subtitle
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING CIRCULAR NO. 4Ground Anchors and Anchored Systems
4. Report Date
6. Performing Organization Code:7. Author(s)
P.J. Sabatini, D.G. Pass, R.C. Bachus
8. Performing Organization Report No.9. Performing Organization Name and Address
GeoSyntec Consultants1100 Lake Hearn DriveAtlanta, Georgia
10. Work Unit No.(TRAIS)11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Bridge TechnologyFederal Highway AdministrationHIBT, Room 3203400 Seventh Street, S.W.Washington D.C. 20590
13 Type of Report and Period Covered
14. Sponsoring Agency Code15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative: Chien-Tan Chang (HIBT)FHWA Technical Consultants: Jerry DiMaggio (HIBT), Richard Cheney (HIBT)
This document presents state-of-the-practice information on the design and installation of cement-grouted ground anchors and anchored systems for highway applications. The anchored systemsdiscussed include flexible anchored walls, slopes supported using ground anchors, landslidestabilization systems, and structures that incorporate tiedown anchors.This document draws extensively from the FHWA-DP-68-IR (1988) design manual in describingissues such as subsurface investigation and laboratory testing, basic anchoring principles, groundanchor load testing, and inspection of construction materials and methods used for anchored systems.This document provides detailed information on design analyses for ground anchored systems.Topics discussed include selection of design earth pressures, ground anchor design, design of corrosion protection system for ground anchors, design of wall components to resist lateral andvertical loads, evaluation of overall anchored system stability, and seismic design of anchoredsystems. Also included in the document are two detailed design examples and technicalspecifications for ground anchors and for anchored walls.
17. Key Words
Ground anchors, soldier beam and laggingwalls, limit equilibrium, earth pressures, axialcapacity, tiedowns, seismic design, contracting,specifications
18. Distribution Statement
No Restrictions. This document is available to thepublic from the National Technical InformationService, Springfield, Virginia 22161
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classification (of this page)
21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.
Reproduction of completed page authorized