National Aeronautics andSpace Administration
Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, Maryland 20771
Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 3A
CREW AIDS AND TOOLS
Servicing Hubble in Orbit
While other spacecraft have been retrieved orrepaired by astronauts, the Hubble SpaceTelescope (HST) is the first designed with replace-able parts and instruments for planned servicing.To enable astronauts to change out parts andinstruments, Hubble was built with 225 feet of handrails and 31 foot restraint sockets to give theastronauts safe, convenient worksites as they orbitEarth at 17,000 mph.During the Fall 1999 mission, the seven-mem-ber crew of STS-103 will rendezvous with theTelescope, capture it with the Space ShuttleDiscovery’s robotic arm and dock it in the Shuttlebay. Working in teams of two, the four space-walking astronauts will outfit Hubble with newequipment, including six gyroscopes, a FineGuidance Sensor, Solid State Recorder, new MainComputer, and a transmitter.The astronauts will take more than 150 crewaids and tools on this service call. These rangefrom a simple bag to sophisticated, computer-operated power tools. Some are standard itemsfrom the Shuttle’s toolbox; others are unique tothis mission. All are designed to accommodate andcompensate for the astronauts’ bulky, pressurizedgloves and space suits.
Crew aids are fixed-in-place or portable equip-ment items, other than hand tools, that assist astro-nauts in accomplishing their tasks. Crew aids per-mit the astronauts to maneuver safely or to anchorthemselves while working in the weightlessness of space. Examples of crew aids are: handrails, hand-holds, transfer equipment, protective covers, teth-ering devices, foot restraint platforms, tool cad-dies, and stowage and parking fixtures. An exam-ple of a restraint is the Portable Foot Restraint. Anastronaut places both feet in this restraint, holdinghim in place while he performs a task. TheTranslation Aid is a long, adjustable-length armthat the astronaut uses when moving between thepayload bay and the Telescope.Astronauts servicing Hubble use two differentkinds of foot restraints to counteract their weight-less environment. When anchored in a
Astronaut Mark Lee usinghandholds tomaneuver around Telescope.