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Physics 11A

# Physics 11A

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This book is meant for the students studying in schools which follows CBSE or similar curriculum. It can also be referred for General Studies paper of UPSC's Civil Services Exam. All rights are reserved by the publisher i.e. NCERT. The contents of the book has been downloaded from the site: http://www.ncert.nic.in/index.html.
This book is meant for the students studying in schools which follows CBSE or similar curriculum. It can also be referred for General Studies paper of UPSC's Civil Services Exam. All rights are reserved by the publisher i.e. NCERT. The contents of the book has been downloaded from the site: http://www.ncert.nic.in/index.html.

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06/15/2013

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CK
CONTENTS
OREWORD
iii
P
REFACE
A N
OTE

FOR

THE
T
EACHER
C H A P T E R 1P
HYSICAL
ORLD
1.1
What is physics ?1
1.2
Scope and excitement of physics2
1.3
Physics, technology and society5
1.4
Fundamental forces in nature6
1.5
Nature of physical laws10
C H A P T E R 2U
NITS

AND
M
EASUREMENTS
2.1
Introduction16
2.2
The international system of units16
2.3
Measurement of length18
2.4
Measurement of mass21
2.5
Measurement of time22
2.6
Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement22
2.7
Significant figures27
2.8
Dimensions of physical quantities31
2.9
Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations31
2.10
Dimensional analysis and its applications32
C H A P T E R 3M
OTION

IN

A
S
TRAIGHT
INE
3.1
Introduction39
3.2
Position, path length and displacement39
3.3
Average velocity and average speed42
3.4
Instantaneous velocity and speed43
3.5
Acceleration45
3.6
Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion47
3.7
Relative velocity51
C H A P T E R 4M
OTION

IN

A
P
LANE
4.1
Introduction65
4.2
Scalars and vectors65
4.3
Multiplication of vectors by real numbers67
4.4
Addition and subtraction of vectors graphical method67
4.5
Resolution of vectors69

CK
4.6
4.7
Motion in a plane72
4.8
Motion in a plane with constant acceleration75
4.9
Relative velocity in two dimensions76
4.10
Projectile motion77
4.11
Uniform circular motion79
C H A P T E R 5
AWS

OF
M
OTION
5.1
Introduction89
5.2
Aristotles fallacy90
5.3
The law of inertia90
5.4
Newtons first law of motion91
5.5
Newtons second law of motion93
5.6
Newtons third law of motion96
5.7
Conservation of momentum98
5.8
Equilibrium of a particle99
5.9
Common forces in mechanics100
5.10
Circular motion104
5.11
Solving problems in mechanics105
C H A P T E R 6 W
ORK
,
NERGY

AND
P
OWER
6.1
Introduction114
6.2
Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem116
6.3
Work116
6.4
Kinetic energy117
6.5
Work done by a variable force118
6.6
The work-energy theorem for a variable force119
6.7
The concept of potential energy120
6.8
The conservation of mechanical energy121
6.9
The potential energy of a spring123
6.10
Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy126
6.11
Power128
6.12
Collisions129
C H A P T E R 7S
YSTEM

OF
P
ARTICLES

AND
R
OTATIONAL
M
OTION
7.1
Introduction141
7.2
Centre of mass144
7.3
Motion of centre of mass148
7.4
Linear momentum of a system of particles149
7.5
Vector product of two vectors150
7.6
Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity152
7.7
Torque and angular momentum154
7.8
Equilibrium of a rigid body158
7.9
Moment of inertia163
7.10
Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes164
xii

CK
7.11
Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis167
7.12
Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis169
7.13
Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis171
7.14
Rolling motion173
C H A P T E R 8G
RAVITATION
8.1
Introduction183
8.2
Keplers laws184
8.3
Universal law of gravitation185
8.4
The gravitational constant189
8.5
Acceleration due to gravity of the earth189
8.6
Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth190
8.7
Gravitational potential energy191
8.8
Escape speed193
8.9
Earth satellite194
8.10
Energy of an orbiting satellite195
8.11
Geostationary and polar satellites196
8.12
xiii