Nutrition in PlantsNutrition in PlantsNutrition in PlantsNutrition in PlantsNutrition in Plants
n Class VI you learnt that food isessential for all living organisms.You also learnt that carbohydrates,proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals arecomponents of food. These componentsof food are necessary for our body andare callednutrientsnutrientsnutrientsnutrientsnutrients.All living organisms require food.Plants can make their food themselvesbut animals including humans cannot.They get it from plants or animals that eat plants. Thus, humans and animalsare directly or indirectly dependent onplants.
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Plants are the only organisms that canprepare food for themselves by usingwater, carbon dioxide and minerals. Theraw materials are present in their surroundings.The nutrients enable livingorganisms to build their bodies, to grow,to repair damaged parts of their bodiesand provide the energy to carry out lifeprocesses.NutritionNutritionNutritionNutritionNutrition is the mode of taking food by an organism and itsutilisation by the body. The mode of nutrition in which organisms make foodthemselves from simple substances iscalledautotrophicautotrophicautotrophicautotrophicautotrophic (auto = self; trophos= nourishment) nutrition. Therefore,plants are calledautotrophsautotrophsautotrophsautotrophsautotrophs. Animalsand most other organisms take in ready made food prepared by the plants. They are calledheterotrophsheterotrophsheterotrophsheterotrophsheterotrophs (heteros =other).Boojho wants to know how plants preparetheir own food.Now we may ask where the foodfactories of plants are located: whether food is made in all parts of a plant or only in certain parts? How do plantsobtain the raw materials from thesurroundings? How do they transport them to the food factories of the plants?
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Leaves are the food factories of plants.The synthesis of food in plants occursin leaves. Therefore, all the raw materials must reach there. Water andminerals present in the soil are absorbedby the roots and transported to thePaheli wants to know why our body cannot make foodfrom carbon dioxide, water and minerals like plants do.