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VIVKANANDA-Dimensions of Curriculum

VIVKANANDA-Dimensions of Curriculum

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Published by V.K. Maheshwari

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Published by: V.K. Maheshwari on Apr 13, 2011
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11/10/2012

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VIVEKANANDA -
 
Dimensions of Curriculum
Dr V.K.Maheshwari Sudha Maheshwari Dr Suraksha BansalFormer Principal Former Principal PrincipalK.L.D.A.V.College A.K.P.I.College Gandhi InsttRoorkee.INDIA Roorkee.INDIA Meerut.INDIA
Knowledge acquired by the first means is called science; andknowledge acquired by the second is called the Vedas
.Paper on HinduismRead at the World’s Parliament of Religions, Chicago19
th
September 1893Amongst the contemporary Indian philosophers of education,Swami Vivekananda is one of those who revolted against theimposition of British system of education in India. He criticizedthe pattern of education introduced by the British in India. He
 
pointed out that the current system of education only brings aboutan external change without any reflective inner forceAbove all Swami Vivekananda helped restore a sense of prideamongst the Hindus, presenting the ancient teachings of India in itspurest form to a Western audience, free from the propagandaspread by British colonial administrators, of Hinduism being acaste-ridden, misogynistic idolatrous faith. Indeed his early forayinto the West would set the path for subsequent Indian religiousteachers to make their own marks on the world, as well herald theentry of Hindus and their religious traditions into the Westernworld.Although Swamiji is of the opinion that mother tongue is the rightmedium for social or mass education, he prescribes the learning of English and Sanskrit also. While English is necessary for mastering Western science and technology, Sanskrit leads one intothe depths of our vast store of classics. The implication is that if language does not remain the privilege of a small class of people,social unity will march forward unhampered.We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded .What we need is tostudy, independent of foreign control, different branches of theknowledge that is our own, and with it the English language andwestern science ; we needtechnical education and all else that will develop industries, so thatmen instead of seeking for service may earn enough to provide for themselves and save against a rainy dayMy idea is first of all to bring out the gems of spirituality that arestored up in our books and in the possession of a few only, hidden
 
in monasteries and forests. Bring the as it were bring them out ; tothe reach of all. knowledge out of them, not only from the handswhere it is hidden, but from the still more inaccessible chest, thelanguage in which it is preserved, the incrustation of centuries- of Sanskrit words. In one word, I want to make them popular. I wantto bring out these ideas and let them be the common property of all, of every man in India, whether he knows the Sanskrit languageor not. The great difficulty in the way is the Sanskrit language, thisglorious language of ours, and this difficulty cannot be removeduntil, if it is possible, the whole of our nation are good Sanskritscholars. You will understand the difficulty when I tell you that Ihave been studying this language all my life and yet every newbook is new to me. How much more difficult would it then be for people who never had time to study it thoroughly !Therefore the ideas must be taught in the languageof the people. Teach the masses in the vernaculars. Give themideas they will get information, but somethingmore will be necessary. Give them culture. Until you can givethem that, there can be no permanence in the raised condition of the masses.At the same time Sanskrit education must go along with it, becausethe very sound of Sanskrit words gives a prestige, a power and astrength to the race- Even the great Buddha made one false stepwhen he stopped the Sanskrit language from being studied by themasses. He wanted rapid and immediate results ; and translatedand preached in the language of the day Pali. That was grand ; hespoke the language of the people and the people understood him. Itspread the ideas quickly and made them reach far and wide. Butalong with that Sanskrit ought to have been spread. Knowledgecame, but prestige was not there. Until you give them that, therewill be another caste created, having the advantage of the Sanskritlanguage, which will quickly get above the rest ,and can make anation great

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