This paper is written as part of a project called ‘Makers in the Lowlands’ to analyse the Dutchamateur culture and media production with the help of digital media and specifically aims atMachinima, the creation of media productions with the use of a game or 3D engine.We chose this subject because of our own personal interest in the matter. The team was andare all involved in creating this exciting new art form, varying from actually making the‘pure’ form of video Machinima to uploading screenshots of game situations to blogs andforums.By analyzing Machinima through a discourse and literature study we hope to findindications how amateur culture and media production are constructed, offering insightsthat help in a better understanding of the Dutch amateur culture and how this can be used tocreate new communities.Another important source of information has come from our research team which consistsout of three people who have experience in creating Machinima and belonged tocommunities who distributed them across the internet. As being one of these three, my ownexperience in making Machinima has also proved to be enriching in the analysis of theMachinima culture.
1.1 Methods used
Janet M. Ruane describes in the article 'Essentials of Research Methods' different types of social science research and argues that "our ability to evaluate information is directly tied toour knowledge of research methods." (2005, 14). Ruane presents four main types of researchbeing time-based knowing, credential-based knowing, common sense and intuitionknowledge sources. The first research method, time-base knowing, should be criticallyviewed as Ruane states that "the mere passing of time does NOT in itself establishsomething as true". The same goes for the social implications of Machinima within amateurculture. Although Machinima could be viewed as "art from the digital age" (Lowood, citedJenkins, p1) we need to consider how Machinima is being created, with what tools and towhat end. The second type of research, credential-based knowing, we are trusting experts by