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Artificial Benefits and Issues

Artificial Benefits and Issues

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04/13/2011

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Draft
 
for
 
Public
 
Comment
 
April
 
2011
 
A
 
Review
 
of 
 
Benefits
 
and
 
Issues
 
Associated
 
with
 
Natural
 
and
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Rectangular
 
Stadium
 
Fields
 
Prepared
 
by
 
a
 
Staff 
 
Work
 
Group
 
from
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Public
 
Schools,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Parks,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Council,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Environmental
 
Protection,
 
and
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Health
 
and
 
Human
 
Services
 
April
 
13,
 
2011
 
 
Draft
 
For
 
Public
 
Comment
 
April
 
2011
 
2
 
Table
 
of 
 
Contents
 
Introduction:
 
...........................................................................................................
 
3
 
Executive
 
Summary:
 
................................................................................................
 
4
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Public
 
Rectangular
 
Fields
 
Inventory—Existing
 
and
 
Planned
 
..........................................................
 
4
 
Considerations
 
for
 
Use
 
of 
 
Natural
 
and
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Fields
 
.............................................................................................
 
4
 
Playability
 
(Hours
 
of 
 
Use)
 
.................................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
Life
Cycle
 
Cost
 
Evaluation
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
Public/Human
 
Health
 
Concerns
 
.......................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Heat
 
Issue
 
...................................................................................................................................................
 
6
 
Environmental
 
Impacts
 
....................................................................................................................................................
 
6
 
Alternative
 
Infill
 
Products
 
.................................................................................................................................................
 
7
 
Background
 
.............................................................................................................
 
8
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Public
 
Rectangular
 
Fields
 
Inventory—Existing
 
and
 
Planned
 
..........................................................
 
8
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Park
 
Fields
 
......................................................................................................................................
 
9
 
MCPS
 
High
 
School
 
Stadium
 
Fields
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
10
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Fields
 
Information
 
....................................................................................................................................
 
11
 
County
 
Demand
 
for
 
Quality
 
Rectangular
 
Turf 
 
Fields
 
..............................................
 
12
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Parks
 
.............................................................................................................................................
 
12
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Public
 
Schools
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
14
 
Playability
 
(Hours
 
of 
 
Use)
 
......................................................................................
 
20
 
Comparing
 
the
 
Potential
 
Hours
 
of 
 
Use
 
of 
 
Natural
 
Grass
 
and
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Stadium
 
Fields
 
...........................................
 
20
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Hours
 
of 
 
Use
 
.............................................................................................................................................
 
20
 
Natural
 
Turf 
 
Fields
 
..........................................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Hours
 
of 
 
Use
 
Comparison
 
Chart
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Life
Cycle
 
Cost
 
Evaluation
 
......................................................................................
 
24
 
Sand
 
Base
 
versus
 
Native
 
Soil
 
Fields
 
................................................................................................................................
 
24
 
Bermuda
 
Grass
 
versus
 
Cool
 
Season
 
Grass
 
Fields
 
............................................................................................................
 
24
 
Current
 
Examples
 
of 
 
Fields
 
in
 
Montgomery
 
County.......................................................................................................
 
25
 
Comparison
 
of 
 
Natural
 
and
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Athletic
 
Fields
 
 
Major
 
Assumptions
 
............................................................
 
25
 
Lifecycle
 
Cost
 
Analysis
 
(see
 
Appendix
 
D
 
for
 
more
 
details)
 
.............................................................................................
 
26
 
Public/Human
 
Health
 
Concerns
 
.............................................................................
 
29
 
Summary
 
........................................................................................................................................................................
 
29
 
Synopses
 
of 
 
the
 
reports
 
reviewed
 
by
 
the
 
work
 
group
 
...................................................................................................
 
30
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Heat
 
Concerns
 
..................................................................................
 
37
 
Background
 
.....................................................................................................................................................................
 
37
 
Options
 
for
 
Addressing
 
the
 
Heat
 
Issue
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
38
 
Work
 
Group
 
Recommendations:
 
....................................................................................................................................
 
40
 
Environmental
 
Impacts
 
..........................................................................................
 
41
 
Water
 
Quality
 
Impacts
 
...................................................................................................................................................
 
41
 
Comparing
 
the
 
Environmental
 
Impacts
 
of 
 
Natural
 
Grass
 
and
 
Artificial
 
Turf 
 
Fields
 
........................................................
 
43
 
DEP
 
Recommendations
 
..................................................................................................................................................
 
46
 
Recommendations
 
from
 
Other
 
Environmental
 
Departments
 
........................................................................................
 
46
 
Alternative
 
Infill
 
Products
 
......................................................................................
 
50
 
Types
 
of 
 
Infill
 
..................................................................................................................................................................
 
50
 
Appendices
 
............................................................................................................
 
53
 
 
Draft
 
For
 
Public
 
Comment
 
April
 
2011
 
3
 
Introduction:
 
On
 
July
 
1,
 
2010,
 
the
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Council’s
 
Transportation,
 
Infrastructure,
 
Energy,
 
and
 
Environment
 
(T&E)
 
Committee
 
held
 
a
 
meeting
 
with
 
staffs
 
from
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Public
 
Schools
 
(MCPS),
 
Maryland
 
National
 
Capital
 
Park
 
and
 
Planning
 
Commission
 
(M
NCPPC)
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Parks
 
(Parks),
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Environmental
 
Protection
 
(DEP),
 
and
 
the
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Health
 
and
 
Human
 
Services
 
(DHHS)
 
to
 
discuss
 
health
 
and
 
safety
 
issues
 
associated
 
with
 
artificial
 
turf 
 
fields
 
in
 
Montgomery
 
County.
 
An
 
outcome
 
of 
 
the
 
meeting
 
was
 
a
 
T&E
 
Committee
 
request
 
for
 
the
 
formation
 
of 
 
a
 
staff 
 
work
 
group
 
to
 
prepare
 
a
 
report
 
that
 
would
 
provide
 
guidance
 
to
 
the
 
Committee
 
in
 
the
 
face
 
of 
 
concerns
 
raised
 
by
 
some
 
citizens
 
and
 
groups
 
(see
 
Appendices
 
I
 
and
 
J)
 
over
 
the
 
use
 
of 
 
artificial
 
turf 
 
fields
 
in
 
the
 
county.
 
The
 
work
 
group
 
would
 
include
 
staff 
 
members
 
from
 
MCPS,
 
Parks,
 
DEP,
 
and
 
DHHS
 
along
 
with
 
a
 
representative
 
from
 
Council
 
staff.
 
Specifically
 
the
 
committee
 
requested
 
the
 
staff 
 
work
 
group
 
to
 
further
 
quantify
 
the
 
programming,
 
environmental,
 
cost
benefits,
 
and
 
other
 
impacts
 
of 
 
artificial
 
turf 
 
vis
à
vis
 
natural
 
grass
 
fields
 
as
 
part
 
of 
 
its
 
report.
 
The
 
T&E
 
Committee
 
requested
 
this
 
report
 
by
 
the
 
end
 
of 
 
2010.
 
However,
 
it
 
became
 
evident
 
that
 
additional
 
time
 
was
 
needed
 
to
 
complete
 
research
 
needed
 
for
 
this
 
report.
 
Comments
 
on
 
this
 
draft
 
report
 
should
 
be
 
submitted
 
to
 
TurfReportResponse@yahoo.com
 
by
 
close
 
of 
 
business
 
on
 
May
 
13,
 
2011.
 
Hard
 
copy
 
comments
 
will
 
be
 
received
 
at:
 
MCPS
 
Department
 
of 
 
Facilities
 
Management,
 
2096
 
Gaither
 
Road
 
Rockville,
 
MD
 
20850
 
A
 
final
 
report
 
that
 
will
 
include
 
a
 
separate
 
compilation
 
of 
 
Public
 
Comments
 
received
 
during
 
the
 
comment
 
period
 
will
 
be
 
assembled
 
and
 
presented
 
to
 
the
 
T&E
 
Committee
 
for
 
its
 
review.
 
The
 
T&E
 
Committee
 
will
 
decide
 
the
 
appropriate
 
venue
 
for
 
discussion
 
of 
 
the
 
report
 
and
 
pubic
 
comments.
 
The
 
following
 
Agency
 
staff 
 
members
 
were
 
involved
 
in
 
the
 
research
 
and
 
development
 
of 
 
this
 
report.
 
MCPS
 
Staff 
 
Joe
 
Lavorgna,
 
consultant
 
to
 
MCPS
 
James
 
Song,
 
Director
 
of 
 
Facilities
 
Management
 
William
 
(Duke)
 
Beattie,
 
Director
 
of 
 
Systemwide
 
Athletics
 
M
NCPPC
 
(Parks)
 
Mike
 
Riley,
 
Deputy
 
Director,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Parks,
 
M
NCPPC
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Staff 
 
Clark
 
Beil,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Health
 
and
 
Human
 
Services
 
Keith
 
Levchenko,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Council
 
Staff 
 
Steve
 
Shofar,
 
Montgomery
 
County
 
Department
 
of 
 
Environmental
 
Protection
 
Staff 
 
from
 
the
 
Maryland
 
Soccer
 
Foundation
 
also
 
provided
 
substantial
 
assistance
 
to
 
the
 
group
 
with
 
regard
 
to
 
cost
 
and
 
maintenance
 
assumptions
 
for
 
the
 
natural
 
grass
 
and
 
artificial
 
turf 
 
fields
 
they
 
oversee
 
at
 
the
 
Maryland
 
SoccerPlex
 
in
 
Germantown,
 
Maryland.
 
The
 
SoccerPlex
 
staff 
 
also
 
provided
 
information
 
on
 
best
 
practice
 
trends
 
in
 
the
 
sports
 
field
 
management
 
industry.
 

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