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Table Of Contents

Information and Systems
A. INFORMATION AND DATA
B. INFORMATION NEEDS
Role of Managers
How Much Detail is Needed?
Timeliness
Accuracy
Quality of Information
C. TYPES OF INFORMATION
Operating Information
Management Information
Trigger Information
Background Information
D. MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
Regular Reports
On-Demand Reports
Ad-Hoc Reports
Exception Reports
Analyses
Forecasting
E. SYSTEMS THEORY
System Properties
Probabilistic and Deterministic
Open and Closed
Quantitative and Qualitative
F. OBJECTIVES OF A SYSTEM
Necessity for an Overriding Objective
Objectives of a Wider Context
How Objectives are Created
G. A BASIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
H. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Decision Theory
Role of Computer Systems
MIS, EIS and DSS
A. THE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE
Frederick Winslow Taylor
SYSTEMS ANALYSIS – FEASIBILITY STUDY
Employee Consultation
Feasibility Study
SYSTEMS ANALYSIS - DATA COLLECTION
Methodology
Data presentation
INTRODUCTION
A. APPROACHES TO SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
! the traditional approach
! the structured approach
The Traditional Approach
Structured Approach
Database Approach
Rapid Application Development (RAD) Approach
B. “HARD” AND “SOFT” SYSTEMS
Definitions and Examples
Qualities of a Structured Specification
D. SELECTING AN APPROPRIATE METHODOLOGY
E. MANAGEMENT OF CHANGE
Changes Resulting from Computer Systems
Planning for Change
F. PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Establishment of Standard Procedures
Defining the Project
Project Manager’s Responsibilities
G. PROBLEMS DURING DEVELOPMENT
Causes of Project Problems
Poor Project Identification
Insufficient Investigation
Incorrect Design
Inadequate Planning
Poor Project Management
Poor Programming
H. RULES OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT
I. SPECIFIC DEVELOPMENT CONTROLS
Documentation Control
File Restriction
Amendment Control
J. CONTROL TECHNIQUES
Activity Decomposition
Milestones
Software Engineering
Network Analysis
Use of Computers for Network Analysis
Project Manager’s Role
Key Points and their Output
The Importance of Documentation
B. SPECIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS
System Selection
The System Environment
The Initial Study
User Involvement
C. THE PERSONNEL INVOLVED
The Computer Professionals
Users as Clients
Computer and User Staff Relations
D. SYSTEMS INVESTIGATION
The Scope of Fact Finding
Observation
Questionnaires
Existing Written Material
E. THE FEASIBILITY OR INITIAL STUDY
Determining the Main Requirements of the System
Considering Alternatives
Cost/Benefit Analysis
The Report
F. USING CONSULTANTS
A. LOGICAL AND PHYSICAL DESIGN
Points to Note
B. THE DESIGN STAGE
Importance of Requirement Specification
Influences on Design
The Design Process
C. SYSTEM DESIGN SPECIFICATION
D. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
Processing Considerations
Storage Considerations
Maintenance and Expansion
Design Constraints
E. HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE
Command-driven Interfaces
Menu-driven Interfaces
Graphical User Interfaces (GUI)
Screen Design in Practice
A. STRUCTURED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN METHODOLOGY
What SSADM Will Do
What SSADM Will Not Do
Impact on Project Time-Scales
Room for Improvement?
B. WORKING WITH USERS
Development Stage
Operational Users
C. RAPID APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT (RAD)
! Joint Application Development;
D. JOINT APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT (JAD)
Methods of Development
E. SKILLED SMALL TEAM DEVELOPMENT
F. PROTOTYPING
Techniques and Usage
Types of Prototyping
Advantages and Disadvantages
G. COMPUTER AIDED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING (CASE)
Fourth Generation Languages (4GLs)
A. SYSTEM DEFINITION
B. STRUCTURED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN METHODOLOGY (SSADM)
C. DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS (DFDS)
D. DRAWING DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS
E. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF DFDS
F. WORKED EXAMPLES
A. ENTITY-RELATIONSHIP MODELS (OR LOGICAL DATA STRUCTURES)
Cautionary Points
B. WORKED EXAMPLE
C. DATA DICTIONARIES
D. CASE TOOLS
What is Prototyping?
E. NORMALISATION
F. FITTING THE TECHNIQUES TOGETHER
A. ELH NOTATION
C. WORKED EXAMPLE
A. THE ROLE AND SCOPE OF STANDARDS
Development Controls
Performance Standards
Operating Standards
Benefits of Standards
B. THE STANDARDS MANUAL
C. OTHER DOCUMENTATION
System Design and Specification
Program or Module Documentation
Operating Instructions
User Documentation
D. USING STANDARD FORMS
A. THE IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS
Implementation of a Package
File Conversion/Creation
Education and Training
Implementation Planning
Implementation Personnel
B. USER INVOLVEMENT
User Involvement in System Testing
User Involvement in Implementation
C. CHANGEOVER STRATEGIES
Importance of Successful Changeover
Direct Changeover
Parallel Changeover
Phased Changeover
Changeover Methods Compared
D. POST-IMPLEMENTATION REVIEWS
Quality Assurance Development Review
E. TRAINING
Who Needs Training?
Types of Training
Computer-Aided Learning (CAL)
Training and Competitive Advantage
A. MONITORING
Change Monitoring
Threat Monitoring
B. SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Problems
Program Maintenance
C. DATABASE MAINTENANCE
Database Revision
Database Back-up and Recovery
D. SYSTEM ENHANCEMENTS
Enhancement or Development?
Software Packages
E. NEED FOR SYSTEM SECURITY
Categories of Threat
Sources of Breaches of Security
F. SECURITY MEASURES
Prevention and Detection of System Errors
Physical Security
Aspects of Network Security
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sys analysis

sys analysis

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Published by Syed Yawer Imam

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Published by: Syed Yawer Imam on Apr 14, 2011
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