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Types of Transportation for managent students

Types of Transportation for managent students

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Published by Mohammed Yunus

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Published by: Mohammed Yunus on Apr 14, 2011
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Types of Transportation
There are various types of transportation that keep the day to day operations of American society up and running. We need roadways open and unobstructed toget to work each day. Airplanes need to fly us to far away destinations to transactbusiness deals or just for vacation getaways. Subways and public transportationare the center of major city operations. School buses transport thousands of children to classes. Trucks deliver everyday items to distribution centers andwarehouses. Barges float down rivers and waterways carrying natural resourceslike coal and steel. It is all a part of keeping our daily lives moving every day.
H
istory of Transportation
Transportation began with the invention of the wheel in about 3500 BC. Wheelswere placed first on carts and then chariots. Next came travel by riverboatsbelieved to have first been used by the Egyptians. Horses were added as a meansof transportation. It is believed Asians were the first to place some kind of protector on the horse's hooves. The wheelbarrow was instrumental in transportingheavy goods from one site to another. The submarine used to travel underwater was invented in 1620 by Cornelis Drebbel. The first paddle wheel steamboatbegan rolling down the river during the late 1700s and the beginning of theIndustrial Revolution. About 100 years later we saw the first cable car. TheWright Brothers took off in the first airplane which they called a "flying machine"in 1903. (They also made bicycles.) Henry Ford created the system to mass
 
 
produce cars in 1908. Successful
 
helicopter flights took off in the 1940's.Jumbo
 
jets
 
began gracing the runways in 1970. And, the SpaceShuttle blasted off in 1981.
Interstate
H
ighway System
In the United States, one key type of transportation is the use of interstatehighways. Federal officials refer to it as the National Highway System whichincludes about 160,000 miles of paved roads and interstate that serves the purposesof keeping residents mobile, keeping the country safe and keeping the economystable. Officially, the National Highway System is divided into several keygroups:
y
 
Interstates
: The current system of interstate highways in the U.S. isformally called the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate andDefense Highway. Congress passed a law in 1944 to begin the creation of about 40,000 miles of roadway. However, it was President Eisenhower whowas instrumental in getting the roadways funded. Interstate roadways allcarry standard markers that include a red, white and blue shield, a number.Roadways with odd numbers travel north to south. Roadways with evennumbers travel east to west.
y
 
P
rincipal Arterials
: These roads generally carry a high volume of trafficbetween large cities. They can be considered highways and are key links tomajor transportation facilities and airports.
 
 
y
 
Strategic
H
ighway Network 
: This is a combination of interstate highwaysand other roadways to provide a strategic route of operation for thegovernment in peacetime and wartime. It includes 61,000 miles and isconnected to over 200 military installations. It is commonly referred to asSTRAHNET.
y
 
Strategic
H
ighway Network Connectors
: These are roadways that connectmajor U.S. defense operations and military compounds to to highways thatmake up STRAHNET.
y
 
Inter modal Connectors
: These are additional connector highways thatlink interstates, major ports and transportation systems. These connectorsare also used to link the other four subgroups of highways.
Automobiles & Trucks
It is hard to believe that some people thought the automobile would never bewidely received as a mode of transportation in America. Not only is it a main wayto get around in the United States, the availability and use of cars is the key to localand regional travel worldwide. The United States is the number one market in the

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