produce cars in 1908. Successful
helicopter flights took off in the 1940's.Jumbo
began gracing the runways in 1970. And, the SpaceShuttle blasted off in 1981.
In the United States, one key type of transportation is the use of interstatehighways. Federal officials refer to it as the National Highway System whichincludes about 160,000 miles of paved roads and interstate that serves the purposesof keeping residents mobile, keeping the country safe and keeping the economystable. Officially, the National Highway System is divided into several keygroups:
: The current system of interstate highways in the U.S. isformally called the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate andDefense Highway. Congress passed a law in 1944 to begin the creation of about 40,000 miles of roadway. However, it was President Eisenhower whowas instrumental in getting the roadways funded. Interstate roadways allcarry standard markers that include a red, white and blue shield, a number.Roadways with odd numbers travel north to south. Roadways with evennumbers travel east to west.
: These roads generally carry a high volume of trafficbetween large cities. They can be considered highways and are key links tomajor transportation facilities and airports.