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1.1 Introduction
1.2 Parameterized curves (paths)
1.3 The deﬁnition of the curve
1.4 Analytical representations of curves
1.4.1 Plane curves
1.4.2 Space curves
1.6 The osculating plane
1.7 The curvature of a curve
1.7.1 The geometrical meaning of curvature
1.8.1 The behaviour of the Frenet frame at a parameter change
1.9 Oriented curves. The Frenet frame of an oriented curve
1.10 The Frenet formulae. The torsion
1.10.1 The geometrical meaning of the torsion
1.10.2 Some further applications of the Frenet formulae
1.10.3 General helices. Lancret’s theorem
1.10.4 Bertrand curves
1.11 The local behaviour of a parameterized curve around a biregular point
1.12 The contact between a space curve and a plane
1.13 The contact between a space curve and a sphere. The osculating sphere
1.14.3 The existence theorem
Plane curves
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Envelopes of plane curves
2.2.1 Curves given through an implicit equation
2.2.2 Families of curves depending on two parameters
2.2.3 Applications: the evolute of a plane curve
2.3 The curvature of a plane curve
2.3.1 The geometrical interpretation of the signed curvature
2.4 The curvature center. The evolute and the involute of a plane curve
2.5 The osculating circle of a curve
2.6 The existence and uniqueness theorem for plane curves
The integration of the natural equations of a curve
3.1 The Riccati equation associated to the natural equations of a curve
3.2 Examples for the integration of the natural equation of a plane curve
General theory of surfaces
4.1 Parameterized surfaces (patches)
4.2 Surfaces
4.2.1 Representations of surfaces
4.3 The equivalence of local parameterizations
4.4 Curves on a surface
4.5 The tangent vector space, the tangent plane and the nor- mal to a surface
4.6 The orientation of surfaces
4.7 Diﬀerentiable maps on a surface
4.8 The diﬀerential of a smooth map between surfaces
4.9 The spherical map and the shape operator of an oriented surface
4.10 The ﬁrst fundamental form of a surface
4.10.1 First applications
The length of a segment of curve on a surface
The angle of two curves on a surface
The area of a parameterized surface
4.12 The second fundamental form of an oriented surface
4.13 The normal curvature. The Meusnier’s theorem
4.14 Asymptotic directions and asymptotic lines on a surface
4.15 The classiﬁcation of points on a surface
4.16.1 The determination of the lines of curvature
4.16.2 The computation of the curvatures of a surface
4.17 The fundamental equations of a surface
4.17.1 Introduction
4.17.2 The diﬀerentiation rules. Christoﬀel’s coeﬃcients
Christoﬀel’s and Weingarten’s coeﬃcients in curvature coordinates
4.17.3 The Gauss’ and Codazzi-Mainardi’s equations for a surface
4.17.4 The fundamental theorem of surface theory
4.18 The Gauss’ egregium theorem
4.19.2 The Darboux frame. The geodesic curvature and geodesic torsion
4.19.3 Geodesic lines
Examples of geodesics
4.19.4 Liouville surfaces
Special classes of surfaces
5.1 Ruled surfaces
5.1.1 General ruled surfaces
The parameterization of a ruled surface
The tangent plane and the ﬁrst fundamental form of a ruled surface
5.1.2 The Gaussian curvature of a ruled surface
5.1.3 Envelope of a family of surfaces
5.1.4 Developable surfaces
The envelope of the family of osculating planes
The envelope of the family of normal planes (the polar surface)
The envelope of the family of rectifying planes of a space curves
5.2 Minimal surfaces
5.2.1 Deﬁnition and general properties
5.2.2 Minimal surfaces of revolution
5.2.3 Ruled minimal surfaces
5.3 Surfaces of constant curvature
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blaga_geometry

# blaga_geometry

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12/27/2012

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