PRESIDENTIAL FORM OF GOVERNMENT NEEDED IN INDIA.
is asystem of governmentwhere anexecutive branchexists
(hence the name) separately from thelegislature, to which it isnotresponsibleand which cannot, in normal circumstances,dismissit.
The concept of separate spheres of influence of the executive and legislature isspecified in theConstitution of the United States, with the creation of the officeof President of the United Stateselected separately from Congress.Although not exclusive torepublics, and applied in the case of semi-constitutionalmonarchies where a monarch exercises power (both ashead of stateand chief of theexecutive branchof government) alongside a legislature, the term is often associatedwith republican systems in theAmericas.
Thepresidentdoes not proposebills. However, the president has the power
tovetoacts of the legislature and, in turn, asupermajorityof legislators may act to
override the veto. This practice is derived from theBritishtradition of royal assentin
which an act of parliament cannot come into effect without the assent of themonarch.
The president has a fixed term of office. Elections are held at scheduled times andcannot be triggered by avote of confidenceor other such parliamentary procedures.In some countries, there is an exception to this rule, which provides for the removalof a president who is found to have broken a law.
The executive branch is unipersonal. Members of thecabinetserve at the pleasureof the president and must carry out the policies of the executive and legislativebranches. However, presidential systems frequently require legislative approval of presidential nominations to the cabinet as well as various governmental posts suchasjudges. A president generally has power to direct members of the cabinet, militaryor any officer or employee of the executive branch, but generally has no power todismiss or give orders to judges.
The power topardonor commutesentences of convicted criminals is often in the
hands of the heads of state in governments that separate their legislative andexecutive branches of government.Countries that feature a presidential system of government are not the exclusive usersof the title of
or the republican form of government. For example, adictator ,