3 |P a g e
Wave equation :
It is a base model for the Hyperbolic equations. Hyperbolic partialdifferential equations have time derivative and hence are generally solved using themarching method. Lax, Lax Wendroff and midpoint leap frog methods are some of explicit methods for exploring the wave propagation.The 1D-linear wave equation is given by equation
Where u is the scalar function satisfying the wave equation and x is the spacedomain. ‘a’ is the speed of propagation.
Problem definition / Problem statement
In this project we need to solve the given wave equation for periodic boundarycondition. The domain length L = 1.Periodic Boundary conditions for the given problem are given as follows :
t xut xu
t xut xu
The value of a = 1. We need to analyze two initial condition 1. Sinusoidal initialboundary condition with
(x) = sin(2πnx)
and , 2. Heaviside sharp step function ,where initial condition is given as
(x)=1-H(x - 0.5),
is the Heavisidefunction.