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Fiber Measurements

Fiber Measurements

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Published by Ankita Dashora

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Ankita Dashora on Apr 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/26/2013

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Optical Fiber Measurements
Fiber Attenuation Measurement
Fiber Refractive Index Profile Measurement
Fiber Dispersion Measurement
Fiber Numerical Aperture Measurement
Fiber Diameter Measurement
 
Attenuation Measurements
Total fiber measurement
A
ttenuation is the loss of optical power as a result of absorption, scattering, bending, and other lossmechanisms as the light travels through the fibre.
The total attenuation is a function of the wavelength  of the light.
The total attenuation
A
between two arbitrary points Xand Y on the fiber is
A(
dB) = 10 log
10
(P
x
/P
y
).
 
W
here:
P
x
is the power output at point X.
P
y
is the power output at point Y.
P
oint X is assumed to be closer to the optical source thanpoint Y.
The most widely used method for measuring the total fiber attenuation per unit length is the cut-back or differentialmethod.
The e
x
perimental setup for measurement of the spectralloss to obtain the overall attenuation spectrum for the fiber is shown in figure.

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