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Saskatchewan Drivers Handbook

Saskatchewan Drivers Handbook

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Published by: drivershandbooks on Apr 14, 2011
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Driver’s Handbook 2010
A guide to safe driving
Driver’s Handbook 2010
A guide to safe driving
Fuel-efficient driving techniques
Safety should be your number one concern every time you getbehind the wheel of a vehicle. The good news is that practisingfuel-efficient driving techniques not only improves road safety, italso reduces fuel consumption and cuts exhaust emissions thatcontribute to climate change and urban smog. Depending on yourdriving habits and how often you drive, these basic techniques anduseful tips could save you hundreds of dollars a year in fuel andmaintenance costs:
It is both safer and more fuel-efficient to maintain a steadyspeed on a road. Accelerate smoothly when passing or mergingwith faster traffic and avoid hard braking. European tests haveshown that aggressive driving, including frequent rapid accelera-tion and hard braking, can increase fuel consumption byapproximately 40%.
Drive at the posted speed limit. Lowering your highwaycruising speed from 120 km/h to 100 km/h will reduce fuelconsumption by up to 20%.
Plan your trips to combine errands and to avoid traffic jams,steep hills, road construction, etc. Combining a number of shorttrips into one longer one allows your engine and drivetrain toreach peak operating temperature, which is not possible on tripsof less than 5 km. Avoiding trouble spots shortens your traveltime and reduces unnecessary idling.
If you are driving a vehicle with a manual transmission, learnhow to use it properly for maximum fuel savings. A tachometercan help you shift the transmission at the most fuel-efficientengine speeds (the owner’s manual will indicate these speeds).
If you have cruise control, use it for highway driving to maintaina constant speed. The exception is on hilly terrain, where it’s agood idea to allow the vehicle’s speed to drop slightly goinguphill and then let gravity help you build up speed again (to asafe level) going down the other side.
In summer, minimize your use of air conditioning. Operating anair conditioner in hot weather can increase fuel consumptionby more than 20% in city driving. A more fuel-efficient optionfor staying cool is to open a window. However, at highwayspeeds, use your car’s flow-through ventilation – openwindows and sunroofs increase aerodynamic drag, whichmakes the engine work harder and consume more fuel. If youmust use your vehicle’s air conditioning, avoid running itcontinuously. Shut it off after the interior is cool or set thecontrols to a comfort level that allows the system to cycle.
Fuel-efficient driving techniques

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