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How to Play Basketball Book

How to Play Basketball Book

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Published by Boris Kovačević

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Published by: Boris Kovačević on Apr 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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\\Regannew\regan's c\Regan's Work\Publications\Coaching\How to Play Basketball Book.doc
All players need to learn the concepts and principles of offence and defence. These principlesapply to all types of offence and defence. With a good understanding of and an ability to play these, a player will beable to play all types of offences and defences. Without this understanding and ability a player becomes robotic or  premeditates his actions.There are 3 areas for a player to develop:
. Of these 3 areas, the most important for a player to learn initially are understanding how to play and decision making. Skills take a much longer period to develop (approx 10 years to develop all skills to ahigh level), however they should obviously start to be introduced early in development to allow the player to havesome competence and confidence in playing.These concepts and principles apply to all court and field sports and all net sports.
The concept of offence is:
take the ball to open spaces.
Whether passing, dribbling or shooting,always take the ball into an open space, away from the defence.
Principles:Playing without the ball
(a player spends most of the game playing without the ball and so what he does without the ball is most important).
Always move away from your defence into an open space (be available for the ball)
Use peripheral vision to see your defence, the ball and the court to make good decisions(the more you can see, the better can be your decision making)
Move away from the ball, or away from an area, to create space for you, or a team mate, tomove into
Always turn (pivot) to see the court and the basket (never turn to see the outside of thecourt)
Use change of direction to move into space (basketball is a game of angles). Create good passing angles by using a change of direction
Use correct footwork to move and change direction. Point your foot where you want tomove; step with your right foot to go right and with your left foot to go left (gives distanceon the step and maintains balance)
Use a quick first and second step to beat an opponent. Basketball is a game of beating anopponent with a one step in offence and defence. A quick first step and second step ismore important than speed up and down the court
Basketball is a movement game, not a game for statues. We move in 3 ways – walk, runand sprint. Walk and then explode is better then run, run, run (helps with timing also)
Basketball is a running game – ie one foot on the floor at a time (in offence and defence).It is not a skipping, hopping, jumping, dancing game
Always play with legs flexed (bent) to have immediate power available for movement. If you straighten your legs (stand up), you will need to bend them again to move – thismakes you slow to react
Play with your head in the middle of your body and keep it still. Do not swivel it fromside to side to change your vision, instead open up your feet to see more
Pivoting is used in almost every basketball skill
Use good spacing (12 - 15 feet/4 - 5 metres apart) to spread the court (and the defence) tocreate space to move into
Have good court balance (at least 2 players on each side of the court) to allow for goodspacing and to be able to reverse the ball from side to side, and to allow for a safety player out top
Keep it simple – basketball is a simple game, do the simple things that work. There are no points in basketball for “style”
Teamwork is played by players without the ball. Communication is the key to all goodteamwork. By leaving an area a player creates space for another player to come into (withor without using a screen). This creates movement of players and can be up and down thecourt (ie on one side of the court) or across the court (ie using the width of the court)
Playing with the ball
Receiving the ball going away from the basket, square up taking the ball to the hip area of the free foot (the non pivot foot), ready to pass, dribble or shoot, in that order 
Receiving the ball going toward the basket, square up taking the ball to the shoulder of thefree foot (the non pivot foot), ready to pass, shoot or dribble, in that order 
Always pass to a player who is moving (if he stops and the defence keeps moving, thedefence will end up with the ball)
Good passing teams are those that pass the ball to players in open spaces (away from thedefence), not necessarily those that are technically correct
Ball movement is important. The defence reacts (adjusts) to the movement of the ball firstand player movement second
Ball reversal is the single most potent weapon to beat good defence
Manage the ball well (look after the ball) in crucial situations (at the end/beginning of aquarter and at the end of the game, or when the other team is applying pressure). The teamwith the less turnovers is usually the team that wins
The concept of defence is:
 stop the ball.
Stop the ball from getting closer to the scoring area. It isthe ball we must stop, not players, as it is the ball that scores.
PrinciplesPlaying on-ball
Play between the ball and the basket (not between the player and the basket)
Always move with the ball (at the same time as the ball) and in the same direction as the ball (parallel to the ball movement)
Force the ball away from the 80% scoring area (the lane/key) and toward the sideline(enables the defence to deny passes into the lane and force the ball out on top – away fromthe basket)
Give up an outside shot in favour of protecting against a shot in the lane/key
Playing off-ball
Always play the principles of “help and recover defence”, the basic principles of all teamdefences
Always play in a triangle between your player (or the player/s in your area in a zonedefence) and the ball. The closer your player is to the ball, the flatter is your triangle andthe closer you should be to your player. The further your player is from the ball, thedeeper is your triangle and the further you can be from your player 
Always see your player and the ball (do not look at the ball) and the court
Always move with the ball (at the same time as the ball) and in the same direction as the ball (parallel to the ball movement)
When your player is on the ball side of the split line (the imaginary line between the two baskets – “splits” the court into ball side and help side), play in a flat triangle toward your  player. When you player is on the help side, play in a deeper triangle, further from your  player, with at least one foot on the split line. Always help against penetration of the ballinto the lane/key from the help side. Never help from the ball side
Recognise that the most dangerous offensive player is the player with the ball. The secondmost dangerous player is the player closest to the ball and/or basket. The next mostdangerous player is that next closest to the ball/basket, etc. Protect against the mostdangerous and second most dangerous first
When your defence breaks down on a turnover or against a fast break play “ScrambleDefence” principles (refer to the notes on the most dangerous player above)

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