CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF TEAM OFFENCE AND DEFENCE
All players need to learn the concepts and principles of offence and defence. These principlesapply to all types of offence and defence. With a good understanding of and an ability to play these, a player will beable to play all types of offences and defences. Without this understanding and ability a player becomes robotic or premeditates his actions.There are 3 areas for a player to develop:
SKILLS, UNDERSTANDING HOW TO PLAY and DECISION MAKING
. Of these 3 areas, the most important for a player to learn initially are understanding how to play and decision making. Skills take a much longer period to develop (approx 10 years to develop all skills to ahigh level), however they should obviously start to be introduced early in development to allow the player to havesome competence and confidence in playing.These concepts and principles apply to all court and field sports and all net sports.
The concept of offence is:
take the ball to open spaces.
Whether passing, dribbling or shooting,always take the ball into an open space, away from the defence.
Principles:Playing without the ball
(a player spends most of the game playing without the ball and so what he does without the ball is most important).
Always move away from your defence into an open space (be available for the ball)
Use peripheral vision to see your defence, the ball and the court to make good decisions(the more you can see, the better can be your decision making)
Move away from the ball, or away from an area, to create space for you, or a team mate, tomove into
Always turn (pivot) to see the court and the basket (never turn to see the outside of thecourt)
Use change of direction to move into space (basketball is a game of angles). Create good passing angles by using a change of direction
Use correct footwork to move and change direction. Point your foot where you want tomove; step with your right foot to go right and with your left foot to go left (gives distanceon the step and maintains balance)
Use a quick first and second step to beat an opponent. Basketball is a game of beating anopponent with a one step in offence and defence. A quick first step and second step ismore important than speed up and down the court
Basketball is a movement game, not a game for statues. We move in 3 ways – walk, runand sprint. Walk and then explode is better then run, run, run (helps with timing also)
Basketball is a running game – ie one foot on the floor at a time (in offence and defence).It is not a skipping, hopping, jumping, dancing game
Always play with legs flexed (bent) to have immediate power available for movement. If you straighten your legs (stand up), you will need to bend them again to move – thismakes you slow to react
Play with your head in the middle of your body and keep it still. Do not swivel it fromside to side to change your vision, instead open up your feet to see more
Pivoting is used in almost every basketball skill
Use good spacing (12 - 15 feet/4 - 5 metres apart) to spread the court (and the defence) tocreate space to move into
Have good court balance (at least 2 players on each side of the court) to allow for goodspacing and to be able to reverse the ball from side to side, and to allow for a safety player out top
Keep it simple – basketball is a simple game, do the simple things that work. There are no points in basketball for “style”
Teamwork is played by players without the ball. Communication is the key to all goodteamwork. By leaving an area a player creates space for another player to come into (withor without using a screen). This creates movement of players and can be up and down thecourt (ie on one side of the court) or across the court (ie using the width of the court)